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Publication . Article . 2012

Diversity, occurrence, and habitats of the diatom genus Bacteriastrum (Bacillariophyta) in the northern Adriatic Sea, with the description of B. jadranum sp. nov.

Jelena Godrijan; Daniela Marić; Mirna Imešek; Ivica Janeković; Michael Schweikert; Martin Pfannkuchen;
Closed Access
English
Published: 18 May 2012
Country: Croatia
Abstract

Abstract Ongoing phytoplankton monitoring programs over the last 12 years in the northern Adriatic Sea showed that the diatom genus Bacteriastrum is an important component of the pelagic diatom assemblage. The main goals of this study were to identify which Bacteriastrum species occur in the northern Adriatic Sea and describe their distributions. Bacteriastrum comosum and B. hyalinum f. princeps were rare, while B. delicatulum, B. hyalinum, and B. mediterraneum were frequently present, together with the newly proposed species B. jadranum, described herein. This new species is weakly silicified and is mainly characterized by a large aperture between each cell of the filament. Cells are connected to each other by 8–12 setae, which cross at a distance equivalent to the diameters of 2–3 cells. There is no difference in the orientation of the setae on the two terminal cells, hence the species is placed in the section Isomorpha. The new species was recorded throughout the study area, in both coastal and offshore waters, with higher cell abundances in the vicinity of the Po River during the September–October period. The maximum cell abundance of B. jadranum was 244.2×103cells l-1in the surface waters at 44.75666667ºN, 12.75ºE in September 2006, sometimes representing up to 46% of the entire phytoplankton assemblage, as recorded in the surface waters at 45.06833333ºN, 13.515ºE in October 2008.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Abundance (ecology) Seta Genus Diatom biology.organism_classification biology Phytoplankton Bacteriastrum Pelagic zone Ecology Habitat

Subjects

Bacteriastrum jadranum; diatom taxonomy; northern Adriatic Sea; phytoplankton, Plant Science, Aquatic Science, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences, Marine Science

Funded by
MZOS| Mechanism of long-term changes in the northern Adriatic ecosystem
Project
  • Funder: Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia (MSES) (MZOS)
  • Project Code: 098-0982705-2731
,
MZOS| Mechanism of long-term changes in the northern Adriatic ecosystem
Project
  • Funder: Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia (MSES) (MZOS)
  • Project Code: 098-0982705-2731
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