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Publication . Article . 2015

Removing the big rip singularity from anisotropic universe in super string theory

Alireza Sepehri; Anirudh Pradhan; Hassan Amirhashchi;
Closed Access
Published: 01 Nov 2015 Journal: Canadian Journal of Physics, volume 93, pages 1,324-1,329 (issn: 0008-4204, eissn: 1208-6045, Copyright policy )
Publisher: Canadian Science Publishing

Recently, various observational data predict the possibility that dark energy could be in the form of phantom field. The positive phantom-energy density grows without limit with the expansion of the Universe and leads to a big-rip singularity at a finite future time. The main question arises: what is the origin of the big rip singularity in a four-dimensional Universe? To answer this question, in this paper, we propose a new model in super string theory that allows taking into account the Dirac and vector string tachyon in addition to the scalar one, which stretches between branes and antibranes. In this model, scalar and Dirac string tachyons cancel each other’s effects and the only effect induced by the vector tachyon can be observed in density and pressures of the universe. We observe that different scale factors, pressures, and dark energy equation of state parameters are produced in different directions because of inhomogeneous tachyon dynamics and consequently one anisotropic universe is formed. Also, these observations are given in terms of effective tachyon potential and the separation between branes and antibranes. Thus, we have shown that the expansion of the anisotropic Universe is controlled by the vector string tachyon and evolves from the non-phantom phase to the phantom one and consequently, the phantom-dominated era of the universe accelerates and ends up in a big-rip singularity.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: Big Crunch Dark energy String field theory De Sitter universe Theoretical physics Physics Initial singularity Classical mechanics Cyclic model Big Rip Phantom energy

arXiv: High Energy Physics::Theory


General Physics and Astronomy

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