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Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2014

Corneille, Molière et les autres. Stilometrische Analysen zu Autorschaft und Gattungszugehörigkeit im französischen Theater der Klassik

Christof Schöch;
Open Access
Published: 14 Mar 2014
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Country: France
Licence Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC-BY); The digital age, by making large amounts of text available to us, prompts us to develop new and additional reading strategies supported by the use of computers and enabling us to deal with such amounts of text. One such "distant reading" strategy is stylometry, a method of quantitative text analysis which relies on the frequencies of certain linguistic features such as words, letters or grammatical units to statistically assess the relative similarity of texts to each other and to classify texts on this basis. This method is applied here to French drama of the seventeenth century, more precisely to the now famous "Corneille / Molière- controversy". In this controversy, some researchers claim that Pierre Corneille wrote several of the plays traditionally attributed to Molière. The methodological challenge, it is shown here, lies in the fact that categories such as authorship, genre (comedy vs. tragedy) and literary form (prose vs. verse) all have an influence on stylometric distance measures and classification. Cross-genre and cross-form authorship attribution needs to distinguish such competing signals if it is to produce reliable attribution results. This contribution describes two attempts to accomplish this, parameter optimization and feature-range selection. The contribution concludes with some more general remarks about the use of quantitative methods in a hermeneutic discipline such as literary studies.

Französische Literatur, Theater der Klassik, Quantitative Textanalyse, Digital Humanities, littérature française, théâtre classique, stilométrie, analyse quantitative, cluster analysis, principal component analysis, humanités numériques, [SHS.LITT]Humanities and Social Sciences/Literature, literary studies, French studies, stylometry, Molière, Corneille, comedy, tragedy, literary genres, classical drama

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Part of book or chapter of book . 2014
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