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Medical Science Monitor
Article . 2021 . Peer-reviewed
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Medical Science Monitor
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Effects of Cyanoacrylate in Rabbits with Induced Achilles Tendon Rupture

Authors: Bala, Mehmet Murat; Şahin, Abdullah Alper; Boz, Mehmet; Durukan, Yasin; Fırat, Tülin; Pakdil, Murat; Özturan, Kutay Engin;

Effects of Cyanoacrylate in Rabbits with Induced Achilles Tendon Rupture

Abstract

BACKGROUND In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (cyanoacrylate) on the biomechanical and histopathological aspects of tendon healing in a rabbit model of Achilles tendon injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS In total, 36 rabbits were randomized to experimental (cyanoacrylate) and control groups (n=36 tendons in each group). A simple suture was used in the control group and a simple suture plus cyanoacrylate was used in the experimental group. Nine rabbits from each group were euthanized at week 4 and week 6 after surgery for histopathological and biomechanical testing. RESULTS Granulation tissue formation was significantly greater in the experimental group in week 4 and week 6 than in the control group. Foreign body giant cell formation was significantly higher in the experimental group in week 4 and week 6. The maximum rupture force was significantly higher in the experimental group in week 4 and week 6 than in the control group. Elasticity and stiffness were comparable between groups in week 4; however, stiffness, but not elasticity, was significantly higher in the experimental group in week 6. CONCLUSIONS In the short term, cyanoacrylate enhanced tendon endurance in both a histopathological and biomechanical manner. We conclude that the early initiation of rehabilitation in patients may be safe in cases of cyanoacrylate use for surgical repair of tendon injury.

Subjects by Vocabulary

Microsoft Academic Graph classification: medicine.medical_specialty Early initiation law.invention Suture (anatomy) law medicine In patient Tendon healing business.industry Granulation tissue Tendon Surgery medicine.anatomical_structure Cyanoacrylate Achilles tendon rupture medicine.symptom business

Keywords

Male, Achilles Tendon, Random Allocation, Tendon Injuries, Clinical Research, Animals, Cyanoacrylates, Rupture, General Medicine, Biomechanical Phenomena, Tissue Adhesives, Rabbits

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    This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    Average
    influence
    This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
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    impulse
    This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
    Average
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citations
This is an alternative to the "Influence" indicator, which also reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Citations provided by BIP!
popularity
This indicator reflects the "current" impact/attention (the "hype") of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network.
BIP!Popularity provided by BIP!
influence
This indicator reflects the overall/total impact of an article in the research community at large, based on the underlying citation network (diachronically).
BIP!Influence provided by BIP!
impulse
This indicator reflects the initial momentum of an article directly after its publication, based on the underlying citation network.
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