publication . Article . 2014

Issues in the development of open access to research data

Bridgette Wessels; Rachel Finn; Peter Linde; Paolo Mazzetti; Stefano Nativi; Susan Riley; Rod Smallwood; Mark J. Taylor; Victoria Tsoukala; Kush Wadhwa; ...
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Mar 2014
Abstract
This paper explores key issues in the development of open access to research data. The use of digital means for developing, storing and manipulating data is creating a focus on ‘data-driven science’. One aspect of this focus is the development of ‘open access’ to research data. Open access to research data refers to the way in which various types of data are openly available to public and private stakeholders, user communities and citizens. Open access to research data, however, involves more than simply providing easier and wider access to data for potential user groups. The development of open access requires attention to the ways data are considered in different areas of research. We identify how open access is being unevenly developed across the research environment and the consequences this has in terms of generating data gaps. Data gaps refer to the way data becomes detached from published conclusions. To address these issues, we examine four main areas in developing open access to research data: stakeholder roles and values; technological requirements for managing and sharing data; legal and ethical regulations and procedures; institutional roles and policy frameworks. We conclude that problems of variability and consistency across the open access ecosystem need to be addressed within and between these areas to ensure that risks surrounding a data gap are managed in open access. 11 authors. Missing: Sally Wyatt
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
16. Peace & justice
Subjects
free text keywords: open access, research data, Computer Sciences, Datavetenskap (datalogi), Earth-Surface Processes, Geography, Planning and Development, Consistency (database systems), Data access, Research data, Development (topology), Research environment, User group, Data type, Computer science, Knowledge management, business.industry, business, Focus (computing)
Communities
  • DARIAH EU
Funded by
EC| ETTIS
Project
ETTIS
ETTIS - European security trends and threats in society
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 285593
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | SEC
,
EC| OPENAIRE
Project
OPENAIRE
Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 246686
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
,
EC| APARSEN
Project
APARSEN
Alliance Permanent Access to the Records of Science in Europe Network
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 269977
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP1 | ICT
,
EC| DRIVER II
Project
DRIVER II
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 212147
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP4 | INFRA
60 references, page 1 of 4

American Scientist (2013) Crowdsourcing Astronomy with Galaxy Zoo. American Scientist, available from http://www.americanscientist.org/science/pub/crowdsourcing-astronomywith-galaxy-zoo [accessed February 2014].

Beaulieu, A. and Wouters, P. (2009) 'E-research as intervention' in Jankowski, N. (ed.) E-research: Transformation in Scholarly Practice, Routledge, New York, pp.54-69.

Bigagli, L. and Nativi, S. (eds) (2013) NetCDF Uncertainty Conventions (NetCDF-U). Open Geospatial Consortium, available from https://portal.opengeospatial.org/files/46702 [accessed February 2013].

Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002) Budapest Open Access Initiative, available at http:// www.soros.org/openaccess [accessed February 2013].

Bulger, M., Meyer, E., de la Flor, G., Terras, M., Wyatt, S., Jirotka, M., Eccles, K. and Madsen, C. (2011) Reinventing Research? Information Practices in the Humanities, Research Information Network, London.

Chan, L., Kirsop, B. and Arunachalam, S. (2011) 'Towards open and equitable access to research and knowledge for development', PLoS Medicine, 8, 3, e1001016.

Clark, S. and Weale, A. (2011) Information Governance in Health: Research Report. Nuffield Trust, available from http://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/sites/files/nuffield/information_gover nance_in_health_-_research_report-_aug11.pdf [accessed February 2013].

Corner, A. and Bell, A. (2010) 'There's more to a story than facts and figures', Times Higher Education, 25 November, available from http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story. asp?storycode=414350 [accessed February 2013].

Craglia, M., Nativi, S., Santoro, M., Vaccari, L. and Fugazza, G. (2011) 'Inter-disciplinary interoperability for global sustainability research' in Claramunt, C., Levashkin, S. and Bertolotto, M. (eds) Proceedings of Geos 2011 Conference, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, pp.1-15.

Digital Preservation Coalition. (n.d.) Digital Preservation Handbook, available from http:// www.dpconline.org/advice/preservationhandbook [accessed February 2013].

Dijkstra E. (1974) On the Role of Scientific Thought, available from https://www.cs.utexas. edu/users/EWD/transcriptions/EWD04xx/EWD447.html [accessed November 2013].

Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (2011) National Open Access and Preservation Policies in Europe: Analysis of a Questionnaire to the European Research Area Committee, European Commission, Brussels, available from http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/ document_library/pdf_06/open-access-report-2011_en.pdf [accessed February 2013].

Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (2012) Online Survey on Scientific Information in the Digital Age, European Commission, Brussels, available from http://ec.europa. eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/survey-on-scientific-information-digi tal-age_en.pdf [accessed January 2013].

Europa (1996) Legal Protection of Databases Directive Adopted. Europa press release, IP/96/ 171, 27 February, available from http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference= IP/96/171&format=HTML&aged=1&language=EN&guiLanguage=en [accessed February 2013].

European Commission (2007) Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE), 14 March, European Commission, Brussels, available from http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/ [accessed January 2013].

60 references, page 1 of 4
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue