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99 Research products, page 1 of 10

  • DARIAH EU
  • Publications
  • Research data
  • 2012-2021
  • Article
  • DARIAH EU
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Baptist, Vincent; Noordegraaf, Julia; Van Oort, Thunnis;
    Publisher: Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision
    Country: Netherlands

    Over the last two decades, a growing number of databases have been published online that record historical information on the production, distribution and reception of performing arts. The aim of this contribution is to present a starting inventory of European performing arts databases that are available online, since no such overview exists to date.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English

    Someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion is known as Refugee. And an asylum seeker is someone whose request for sanctuary has yet to be processed. In Today's world, the rights of Rohingya refugees are very debatable. Our topic is The Educational rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh (an analysis). There are some social, cultural, and language barriers to providing education rights to Rohingya children and Bangladesh is not also under an obligation to do so as Bangladesh hasn’t signed the 1951 convention of refugees. So basically the research is based on how to ensure the right of Rohingya children otherwise in its absence. We also tried to understand the problems, the gaps, the Bangladesh situation, and international instruments. A big question is Bangladesh has been under the duty to secure the interest of refugee education and the explanation on that by which law and convention are labile or not for refugee children's education. Bangladesh has not signed the Refugee Convention. So that, Bangladesh is not legally bound to ensure that right and no law regulates and for the administration of refugee affairs in Bangladesh or guarantees the rights of refugees. There are a lot of Refugees in Bangladesh but because Bangladesh is not a signatory state of the 1951 convention, that's why they are known as Asylum Seekers. Though Education is a very important and basic entitlement for humans still there is some debate. Being born as human refugees are entitled to have some rights and education is one of them. But now there is a lot of debate on that ground. {"references": ["Alif Ovi D, and Mridha T, 'Education Rights Of Rohingya Refugees Children In Bangladesh: An Analysis' (2021) 2 Jus Corpus Law Journal ", "Alif Ovi, D., & Mridha, T. (2021). Education Rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh: An Analysis. Jus Corpus Law Journal, 2(2), 26-47. from https://jgateplus.com/.", "Alif Ovi, D. and Mridha, T., 2021. Education Rights of Rohingya Refugees Children in Bangladesh: An Analysis. Jus Corpus Law Journal, [online] 2(2), pp.26-47. Available at: "]}

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sander Münster; Ronja Utescher; Selda Ulutas Aydogan;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    AbstractIn research and policies, the identification of trends as well as emerging topics and topics in decline is an important source of information for both academic and innovation management. Since at present policy analysis mostly employs qualitative research methods, the following article presents and assesses different approaches – trend analysis based on questionnaires, quantitative bibliometric surveys, the use of computer-linguistic approaches and machine learning and qualitative investigations. Against this backdrop, this article examines digital applications in cultural heritage and, in particular, built heritage via various investigative frameworks to identify topics of relevance and trendlines, mainly for European Union (EU)-based research and policies. Furthermore, this article exemplifies and assesses the specific opportunities and limitations of the different methodical approaches against the backdrop of data-driven vs. data-guided analytical frameworks. As its major findings, our study shows that both research and policies related to digital applications for cultural heritage are mainly driven by the availability of new technologies. Since policies focus on meta-topics such as digitisation, openness or automation, the research descriptors are more granular. In general, data-driven approaches are promising for identifying topics and trendlines and even predicting the development of near future trends. Conversely, qualitative approaches are able to answer “why” questions with regard to whether topics are emerging due to disruptive innovations or due to new terminologies or whether topics are becoming obsolete because they are common knowledge, as is the case for the term “internet”.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Anna Foka; Osman Cenk Demiroglu; Elton Barker; Nasrin Mostofian; Kyriaki Konstantinidou; Brady Kiesling; Linda Talatas; Kajsa Palm;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
    Country: Sweden

    Abstract This progress article focuses on an overview of the potential and challenges of using contemporary Geographic Information System (GIS) applications for the visual rendering and analysis of textual spatial data. The case study is an ancient traveling narrative, Pausanias’s Description of Greece (Periegesis Hellados) which was written in the second century CE. First, we describe the process of converting the volumes to spatial data using a customized version of the open-source digital semantic annotation platform Recogito. Then the focus shifts to the implementation of collected and organized spatial data to a number of GIS applications: namely Google Maps, DARIAH Geo-Browser, Gephi, Palladio and ArcGIS. Through empirical experimentation with spatial data and their implementation in different platforms, our paper charts the ways in which contemporary GIS applications may be implemented to cast new light on ancient understandings of identity, space, and place.

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Rosenberger, Sonja; Schütte, Jana Madlen;
    Publisher: o-bib. Das offene Bibliotheksjournal / Herausgeber VDB

    o-bib. Das offene Bibliotheksjournal / Herausgeber VDB, Bd. 8 Nr. 4 (2021)

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    BALA, Mehmet Murat; BALA, Keziban Aslı;
    Publisher: Wroclaw Medical University

    BACKGROUND Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that causes skeletal fragility, multiple fractures and several extraskeletal disorders. Most cases of OI are caused by mutations in COL1A1/A2. Osteogenesis imperfecta type VIII typically causes a severe and fatal phenotype that presents at birth with severe osteopenia, congenital fractures and other clinical manifestations. OBJECTIVES We describe the cases of an 11-year-old female and a 9-year-old male with homozygous truncating mutations in P3H1. Both cases were born with intrauterine fractures and suffered multiple fractures shortly after birth, requiring multiple operations to correct both fractures and severe scoliosis. The patients have been treated with pamidronate since the age of 2. MATERIAL AND METHODS Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed by Gene by Gene using Twist Bioscience technology. Initially, ~36.5 Mb of consensus coding sequences (targeting >98% of RefSeq and Gencode v. 28 regions obtained from the human genome) was replicated from fragmented genomic DNA using the Twist Human Core Exome Plus kit. The subsequent library was sequenced on the Illumina Novaseq Next Generation Sequencing platform to achieve at least ×20 reading depth for >98% of the targeted bases. Variant annotations and filtering was performed using Ingenuity Variant Analysis software. RESULTS We identified a homozygous mutation in the 3rd exon of P3H1 (c.628C>T/p.Arg210 Ter). Our cases broaden the phenotypic spectrum of OI type VIII as, to the best of our knowledge, these are the first postnatal cases with P3H1 (c.628C>T/p.Arg210 Ter) mutations published in the literature. CONCLUSIONS We present the first recorded postnatal cases from unrelated families of OI type VIII, broadening our understanding of the severe, but nonfatal spectrum of clinical phenotype of this recessive form of OI.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Katja Meden; Mojca Šorn;
    Publisher: Institut za novejso zgodovino

    In the contribution, the authors outline the history of copyright law and present the development and theoretical framework of copyright and related rights in Slovenia. They place a special emphasis on copyright law in the digital age, manifesting it on the History of Slovenia – SIstory portal as an example of good practice, as they are convinced that without (adhering to) copyrights, all the necessary incentives for further creation in both the analogue and digital worlds are not guaranteed. Avtorici v prispevku orišeta zgodovino avtorskega prava in predstavita razvoj in teoretski okvir avtorskih in sorodnih pravic v Sloveniji. Poseben poudarek namenita avtorskemu pravu v digitalni dobi, ki ga manifestirata na portalu Zgodovina Slovenije – SIstory kot primeru dobre prakse, saj sta prepričani, da brez (upoštevanja) avtorskih pravic niso zagotovljene vse potrebne spodbude za nadaljnje ustvarjanje tako v analognem kot digitalnem svetu.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Frank Uiterwaal; Franco Niccolucci; Sheena Bassett; Steven Krauwer; Hella Hollander; Femmy Admiraal; Laurent Romary; George Bruseker; Carlo Meghini; Jennifer Edmond; +1 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, France, Italy, France, Netherlands
    Project: EC | PARTHENOS (654119)

    This article has been accepted for publication by EUP in the IJHAC: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing (https://www.euppublishing.com/loi/ijhac); International audience; Since the first ESFRI roadmap in 2006, multiple humanities Research Infrastructures (RIs) have been set up all over the European continent, supporting archaeologists (ARIADNE), linguists (CLARIN-ERIC), Holocaust researchers (EHRI), cultural heritage specialists (IPERION-CH) and others. These examples only scratch the surface of the breadth of research communities that have benefited from close cooperation in the European Research Area.While each field developed discipline-specific services over the years, common themes can also be distinguished. All humanities RIs address, in varying degrees, questions around research data management, the use of standards and the desired interoperability of data across disciplinary boundaries.This article sheds light on how cluster project PARTHENOS developed pooled services and shared solutions for its audience of humanities researchers, RI managers and policymakers. In a time where the convergence of existing infrastructure is becoming ever more important – with the construction of a European Open Science Cloud as an audacious, ultimate goal – we hope that our experiences inform future work and provide inspiration on how to exploit synergies in interdisciplinary, transnational, scientific cooperation.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mehmet Murat Bala; Abdullah Alper Şahin; Mehmet Akif Boz; Yasin Durukan; Tulin Firat; M. Pakdil; Kutay Engin Ozturan;
    Publisher: International Scientific Information, Inc.

    BACKGROUND In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (cyanoacrylate) on the biomechanical and histopathological aspects of tendon healing in a rabbit model of Achilles tendon injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS In total, 36 rabbits were randomized to experimental (cyanoacrylate) and control groups (n=36 tendons in each group). A simple suture was used in the control group and a simple suture plus cyanoacrylate was used in the experimental group. Nine rabbits from each group were euthanized at week 4 and week 6 after surgery for histopathological and biomechanical testing. RESULTS Granulation tissue formation was significantly greater in the experimental group in week 4 and week 6 than in the control group. Foreign body giant cell formation was significantly higher in the experimental group in week 4 and week 6. The maximum rupture force was significantly higher in the experimental group in week 4 and week 6 than in the control group. Elasticity and stiffness were comparable between groups in week 4; however, stiffness, but not elasticity, was significantly higher in the experimental group in week 6. CONCLUSIONS In the short term, cyanoacrylate enhanced tendon endurance in both a histopathological and biomechanical manner. We conclude that the early initiation of rehabilitation in patients may be safe in cases of cyanoacrylate use for surgical repair of tendon injury.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    S. Münster; K. Fritsche; H. Richards-Rissetto; Fabrizio Ivan Apollonio; B. Aehnlich; V. Schwartze; R. Smolarski;
    Country: Italy

    Abstract. Digital literacy and technology education has gained much relevance in humanities and heritage related disciplines during the recent decades. Against this background, the purpose of this article is to examine the current state of educational programs in digital cultural heritage and related disciplines primarily in Europe with supplemental information from the US. A further aim is to highlight core topics, challenges, and demands, and to show innovative formats and prospects.