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7 Research products

  • DARIAH EU
  • 2014-2023
  • Publications
  • European Commission
  • EC|FP7
  • EU
  • FR
  • Mémoires en Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication
  • Hyper Article en Ligne - Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Callingham, J. R.; Shimwell, T. W.; Vedantham, H. K.; Bassa, C. G.; +43 Authors

    The LOFAR data in this manuscript were processed by the LOFAR Two-Metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) team. This team made use of the LOFAR direction-independent calibration pipeline (https://github.com/lofar-astron/prefactor), which was deployed by the LOFAR e-infragroup on the Dutch National Grid infrastructure with support of the SURF Co-operative through grants e-infra 160022 e-infra 160152 (Mechev et al. 2017). The LoTSS direction dependent calibration and imaging pipeline (http://github.com/mhardcastle/ddf-pipeline/) was run on compute clusters at Leiden Observatory and the University of Hertfordshire, which are supported by a European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant [NEWCLUSTERS-321271] and the UK Science and Technology Funding Council (STFC) [ST/P000096/1]. The Jülich LOFAR Long Term Archive and the German LOFAR network are both coordinated and operated by the Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC), and computing resources on the supercomputer JUWELS at JSC were provided by the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing e.V. (grant CHTB00) through the John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC). J.R.C. thanks the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) for support via the Talent Programme Veni grant. H.K. and S.B. acknowledge funding from the NWO for the project e-MAPS (project number Vi.Vidi.203.093) under the NWO talent scheme VIDI. T.W.H.Y. acknowledges funding from EOSC Future (Grant Agreement no. 101017536) projects funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. P.N.B. is grateful for support from the UK STFC via grant ST/V000594/1. M.J.H. acknowledges support from the UK STFC [ST/V000624/1]. M.H. acknowledges funding from the ERC under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 772663). R.J.v.W. and R.T. acknowledge support from the ERC Starting Grant ClusterWeb 804208. G.J.W. gratefully acknowledges the support of an Emeritus Fellowship from The Leverhulme Trust. D.J.B. acknowledges funding from the German Science Foundation DFG, via the Collaborative Research Center SFB1491 “Cosmic Interacting Matters – From Source to Signal”. A. Bonafede, A. Botteon, D.N.H., and C.J.R. acknowledge support from ERC Stg DRA-NOEL n. 714245 and MIUR FARE grant “SMS”. A.D. acknowledges support by the BMBF Verbundforschung under the grant 05A20STA. K.L.E. is a Jan-sky Fellow of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. M. Haj and K.C.H. acknowledge the MSHE for granting funds for the Polish contribution to the International LOFAR Telescope (MSHE decision no. DIR/WK/2016/2017/05-1) and for maintenance of the LOFAR PL-612 Baldy (MSHE decision no. 59/E-383/SPUB/SP/2019.1), and LOFAR PL-611 Lazy (MSHE decision no. 46/E-338/SPUB/SP/2019). M.K. acknowledges support from the German Science Foundation DFG, via the Research Unit FOR 5195 “Relativistic Jets in Active Galaxies”. M.K.B. acknowledges support from the National Science Centre, Poland under grant no. 2017/26/E/ST9/00216. B.M. acknowledges support from the UK STFC under grants ST/R00109X/1, ST/R000794/1, and ST/T000295/1. L.K.M. is grateful for support from the UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship (grant MR/T042842/1). D.G.N. acknowledges funding from Conicyt through Fondecyt Postdoctorado (project code 3220195). M.P.T. acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCIN), the Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) through the “Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa” award to the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (SEV-2017-0709) and through grant PID2020-117404GB-C21 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033. T.P.R. acknowledges support from the ERC Grant No. 743029 (EASY). A.R. acknowledges funding from the NWO Aspasia grant (number: 015.016.033). M.V. acknowledges financial support from the Inter-University Institute for Data Intensive Astronomy (IDIA), a partnership of the University of Cape Town, the University of Pretoria, the University of the Western Cape and the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, and from the South African Department of Science and Innovation’s National Research Foundation under the ISARP RADIOSKY2020 Joint Research Scheme (DSI-NRF Grant Number 113121) and the CSUR HIPPO Project (DSI-NRF Grant Number 121291). This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France, and NASA’s Astrophysics Data System. This work has also made use of TOPCAT (Taylor 2005); the IPYTHON package (Pérez & Granger 2007); SciPy (Jones et al. 2001); MATPLOTLIB, a PYTHON library for publication quality graphics (Hunter 2007); ASTROPY, a community-developed core PYTHON package for astronomy (Astropy Collaboration 2013); and NUMPY (Van Der Walt et al. 2011). We present the detection of 68 sources from the most sensitive radio survey in circular polarisation conducted to date. We used the second data release of the 144 MHz LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey to produce circularly polarised maps with a median noise of 140 µJy beam−1 and resolution of 20″ for ≈27% of the northern sky (5634 deg2). The leakage of total intensity into circular polarisation is measured to be ≈0.06%, and our survey is complete at flux densities ≥1 mJy. A detection is considered reliable when the circularly polarised fraction exceeds 1%. We find the population of circularly polarised sources is composed of four distinct classes: stellar systems, pulsars, active galactic nuclei, and sources unidentified in the literature. The stellar systems can be further separated into chromospherically active stars, M dwarfs, and brown dwarfs. Based on the circularly polarised fraction and lack of an optical counterpart, we show it is possible to infer whether the unidentified sources are likely unknown pulsars or brown dwarfs. By the completion of this survey of the northern sky, we expect to detect 300±100 circularly polarised sources. © The Authors 2023. Full list of authors: Callingham, J. R.; Shimwell, T. W.; Vedantham, H. K.; Bassa, C. G.; O'Sullivan, S. P.; Yiu, T. W. H.; Bloot, S.; Best, P. N.; Hardcastle, M. J.; Haverkorn, M.; Kavanagh, R. D.; Lamy, L.; Pope, B. J. S.; Rottgering, H. J. A.; Schwarz, D. J.; Tasse, C.; van Weeren, R. J.; White, G. J.; Zarka, P.; Bomans, D. J.; Bonafede, A.; Bonato, M.; Botteon, A.; Bruggen, M.; Chyzy, K. T.; Drabent, A.; Emig, K. L.; Gloudemans, A. J.; Guerkan, G.; Hajduk, M.; Hoang, D. N.; Hoeft, M.; Iacobelli, M.; Kadler, M.; Kunert-Bajraszewska, M.; Mingo, B.; Morabito, L. K.; Nair, D. G.; Perez-Torres, M.; Ray, T. P.; Riseley, C. J.; Rowlinson, A.; Shulevski, A.; Sweijen, F.; Timmerman, R.; Vaccari, M.; Zheng, J.-- This is an Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. With funding from the Spanish government through the "Severo Ochoa Centre of Excellence" accreditation (CEX2021-001131-S). Peer reviewed

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    Durham Research Online
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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    NARCIS
    Article . 2023
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    Astronomy and Astrophysics
    Article . 2023
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    Radboud Repository
    Article . 2023
    Data sources: Radboud Repository
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2022
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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      Durham Research Online
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      NARCIS
      Article . 2023
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      Astronomy and Astrophysics
      Article . 2023
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      Radboud Repository
      Article . 2023
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2022
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    Authors: Laurent Romary; Charles Riondet;

    This article tackles the issue of integrating heterogeneous archival sources in one single data repository, namely the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) portal, whose aim is to support Holocaust research by providing online access to information about dispersed sources relating to the Holocaust (http://portal.ehri-project.eu). In this case, the problem at hand is to combine data coming from a network of archives in order to create an interoperable data space which can be used to search for, retrieve and disseminate content in the context of archival-based research. The scholarly purpose has specific consequences on our task. It assumes that the information made available to the researcher is as close as possible to the originating source in order to guarantee that the ensuing analysis can be deemed reliable. In the EHRI network of archives, as already observed in the case of the EU Cendari project, one cannot but face heterogeneity. The EHRI portal brings together descriptions from more than 1900 institutions. Each archive comes with a whole range of idiosyncrasies corresponding to the way it has been set up and evolved over time. Cataloging practices may also differ. Even the degree of digitization may range from the absence of a digital catalogue to the provision of a full-fledged online catalogue with all the necessary APIs for anyone to query and extract content. There is indeed a contrast here with the global endeavour at the international level to develop and promote standards for the description of archival content as a whole. Nonetheless, in a project like EHRI, standards should play a central role. They are necessary for many tasks related to the integration and exploitation of the aggregated content, namely: ● Being able to compare the content of the various sources, thus being able to develop quality-checking processes; ● Defining of an integrated repository infrastructure where the content of the various archival sources can be reliably hosted; ● Querying and re-using content in a seamless way; ● Deploying tools that have been developed independently of the specificities of the information sources, for instance in order to visualise or mine the resulting pool of information. The central aspect of the work described in this paper is the assessment of the role of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) standard as the basis for achieving the tasks described above. We have worked out how we could develop a real strategy of defining specific customization of EAD that could be used at various stages of the process of integrating heterogeneous sources. While doing so, we have developed a methodology based on a specification and customization method inspired from the extensive experience of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) community. In the TEI framework, as we show in section 1, one has the possibility to model specific subsets or extensions of the TEI guidelines while maintaining both the technical (XML schemas) and editorial (documentation) content within a single framework. This work has led us quite far in anticipating that the method we have developed may be of a wider interest within similar environments, but also, as we believe, for the future maintenance of the EAD standard. Finally this work, successfully tested and implemented in the framework of EHRI [Riondet 2017], can be seen as part of the wider endeavour of European research infrastructures in the humanities such as CLARIN and DARIAH to provide support for researchers to integrate the use of standards in their scholarly practices. This is the reason why the general workflow studied here has been introduced as a use case in the umbrella infrastructure project PARTHENOS which aims, among other things, at disseminating information and resources about methodological and technical standards in the humanities.

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    OpenAIRE; Archival Science
    Other literature type . Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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    Authors: Nadia Boukhelifa; Michael Bryant; Natasa Bulatovic; Ivan Čukić; +5 Authors

    International audience; The CENDARI infrastructure is a research-supporting platform designed to provide tools for transnational historical research, focusing on two topics: medieval culture and World War I. It exposes to the end users modern Web-based tools relying on a sophisticated infrastructure to collect, enrich, annotate, and search through large document corpora. Supporting researchers in their daily work is a novel concern for infrastructures. We describe how we gathered requirements through multiple methods to understand historians' needs and derive an abstract workflow to support them. We then outline the tools that we have built, tying their technical descriptions to the user requirements. The main tools are the note-taking environment and its faceted search capabilities; the data integration platform including the Data API, supporting semantic enrichment through entity recognition; and the environment supporting the software development processes throughout the project to keep both technical partners and researchers in the loop. The outcomes are technical together with new resources developed and gathered, and the research workflow that has been described and documented.

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    OpenAIRE
    Article . 2018
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    Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2018
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      Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
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  • Authors: Beneš, Jakub; Bulatovic, Natasa; Edmond, Jennifer; Knežević,, Milica; +3 Authors

    Over the course of its four year project timeline, the CENDARI project has collected archival descriptions and metadata in various formats from a broad range of cultural heritage institutions. These data were drawn together in a single repository and are being stored there. The repository contains curated data which has been manually established by the CENDARI team as well as data acquired from small, ‘hidden’ archives in spreadsheet format or from big aggregators with advanced data exchange tools in place. While the acquisition and curation of heterogeneous data in a single repository presents a technical challenge in itself, the ingestion of data into the CENDARI repository also opens up the possibility to process and index them through data extraction, entity recognition, semantic enhancement and other transformations. In this way the CENDARI project was able to act as a bridge between cultural heritage institutions and historical researchers, insofar as it drew together holdings from a broad range of institutions and enabled the browsing of this heterogeneous content within a single search space. This paper describes a broad range of ways in which the CENDARI project acquired data from cultural heritage institutions as well as the necessary technical background. In exemplifying diverse data creation or acquisition strategies, multiple formats and technical solutions, assets and drawbacks of a repository, this “White Book” aims at providing guidance and advice as well as best practices for archivists and cultural heritage institutions collaborating or planning to collaborate with infrastructure projects.

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    Authors: Vanden Daelen, Veerle; Edmond, Jennifer; Links, Petra; Priddy, Mike; +3 Authors

    International audience; One of the funded project proposals under DARIAH’s Open Humanities call 2015 was “Open History: Sustainable digital publishing of archival catalogues of twentieth-century history archives”. Based on the experiences of the Collaborative EuropeaN Digital Archival Research Infrastructure (CENDARI) and the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI), the main goal of the “Open History” project was to enhance the dialogue between (meta-)data providers and research infrastructures. Integrating archival descriptions – when they were already available – held at a wide variety of twentieth-century history archives (from classic archives to memorial sites, libraries and private archives) into research infrastructures has proven to be a major challenge, which could not be done without some degree of limited to extensive pre-processing or other preparatory work. The “Open History” project organized two workshops and developed two tools: an easily accessible and general article on why the practice of standardization and sharing is important and how this can be achieved; and a model which provides checklists for self-analyses of archival institutions. The text that follows is the article we have developed. It intentionally remains at a general level, without much jargon, so that it can be easily read by those who are non-archivists or non-IT. Hence, we hope it will be easy to understand for both those who are describing the sources at various archives (with or without IT or archival sciences degrees), as well as decision-makers (directors and advisory boards) who wish to understand the benefits of investing in standardization and sharing of data. It is important to note is that this text is a first step, not a static, final result. Not all aspects about standardization and publication of (meta-)data are discussed, nor are updates or feedback mechanisms for annotations and comments discussed. The idea is that this text can be used in full or in part and that it will include further chapters and section updates as time goes by and as other communities begin using it. Some archives will read through much of these and see confirmation of what they have already been implementing; others – especially the smaller institutions, such as private memory institutions – will find this a low-key and hands-on introduction to help them in their efforts.

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    Authors: Boukhelifa , Nadia; Giannisakis , Emmanouil; Dimara , Evanthia; Willett , Wesley; +1 Authors

    International audience; In this paper we describe the development and evaluation of a visual analytics tool to support historical research. Historians continuously gather data related to their scholarly research from archival visits and background search. Organising and making sense of all this data can be challenging as many historians continue to rely on analog or basic digital tools. We built an integrated note-taking environment for historians which unifies a set of func-tionalities we identified as important for historical research including editing, tagging, searching, sharing and visualization. Our approach was to involve users from the initial stage of brainstorming and requirement analysis through to design, implementation and evaluation. We report on the process and results of our work, and conclude by reflecting on our own experience in conducting user-centered visual analytics design for digital humanities.

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    Conference object . 2015
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  • Authors: Lopez, Patrice; Meyer, Alexander; Romary, Laurent;

    International audience; CENDARI (Collaborative European Digital Archive Infrastructure) is a research infrastructure project aimed at integrating digital archives and resources for research on medieval and modern European history.The project brings together information and computer scientists with historians and existing historical research infrastructures (archives, libraries, other digital projects) to improve conditions for digital historical scholarship. CENDARIhas engaged in extensive networking with the archives and libraries of Europe, especially those in Eastern Europe.CENDARI is a 4-year, European-Commission-funded project led by Trinity College Dublin, in partnership with 14 institutions across 8 countries.

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    Authors: Callingham, J. R.; Shimwell, T. W.; Vedantham, H. K.; Bassa, C. G.; +43 Authors

    The LOFAR data in this manuscript were processed by the LOFAR Two-Metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) team. This team made use of the LOFAR direction-independent calibration pipeline (https://github.com/lofar-astron/prefactor), which was deployed by the LOFAR e-infragroup on the Dutch National Grid infrastructure with support of the SURF Co-operative through grants e-infra 160022 e-infra 160152 (Mechev et al. 2017). The LoTSS direction dependent calibration and imaging pipeline (http://github.com/mhardcastle/ddf-pipeline/) was run on compute clusters at Leiden Observatory and the University of Hertfordshire, which are supported by a European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant [NEWCLUSTERS-321271] and the UK Science and Technology Funding Council (STFC) [ST/P000096/1]. The Jülich LOFAR Long Term Archive and the German LOFAR network are both coordinated and operated by the Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC), and computing resources on the supercomputer JUWELS at JSC were provided by the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing e.V. (grant CHTB00) through the John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC). J.R.C. thanks the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) for support via the Talent Programme Veni grant. H.K. and S.B. acknowledge funding from the NWO for the project e-MAPS (project number Vi.Vidi.203.093) under the NWO talent scheme VIDI. T.W.H.Y. acknowledges funding from EOSC Future (Grant Agreement no. 101017536) projects funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. P.N.B. is grateful for support from the UK STFC via grant ST/V000594/1. M.J.H. acknowledges support from the UK STFC [ST/V000624/1]. M.H. acknowledges funding from the ERC under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 772663). R.J.v.W. and R.T. acknowledge support from the ERC Starting Grant ClusterWeb 804208. G.J.W. gratefully acknowledges the support of an Emeritus Fellowship from The Leverhulme Trust. D.J.B. acknowledges funding from the German Science Foundation DFG, via the Collaborative Research Center SFB1491 “Cosmic Interacting Matters – From Source to Signal”. A. Bonafede, A. Botteon, D.N.H., and C.J.R. acknowledge support from ERC Stg DRA-NOEL n. 714245 and MIUR FARE grant “SMS”. A.D. acknowledges support by the BMBF Verbundforschung under the grant 05A20STA. K.L.E. is a Jan-sky Fellow of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. M. Haj and K.C.H. acknowledge the MSHE for granting funds for the Polish contribution to the International LOFAR Telescope (MSHE decision no. DIR/WK/2016/2017/05-1) and for maintenance of the LOFAR PL-612 Baldy (MSHE decision no. 59/E-383/SPUB/SP/2019.1), and LOFAR PL-611 Lazy (MSHE decision no. 46/E-338/SPUB/SP/2019). M.K. acknowledges support from the German Science Foundation DFG, via the Research Unit FOR 5195 “Relativistic Jets in Active Galaxies”. M.K.B. acknowledges support from the National Science Centre, Poland under grant no. 2017/26/E/ST9/00216. B.M. acknowledges support from the UK STFC under grants ST/R00109X/1, ST/R000794/1, and ST/T000295/1. L.K.M. is grateful for support from the UKRI Future Leaders Fellowship (grant MR/T042842/1). D.G.N. acknowledges funding from Conicyt through Fondecyt Postdoctorado (project code 3220195). M.P.T. acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCIN), the Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) through the “Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa” award to the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (SEV-2017-0709) and through grant PID2020-117404GB-C21 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033. T.P.R. acknowledges support from the ERC Grant No. 743029 (EASY). A.R. acknowledges funding from the NWO Aspasia grant (number: 015.016.033). M.V. acknowledges financial support from the Inter-University Institute for Data Intensive Astronomy (IDIA), a partnership of the University of Cape Town, the University of Pretoria, the University of the Western Cape and the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, and from the South African Department of Science and Innovation’s National Research Foundation under the ISARP RADIOSKY2020 Joint Research Scheme (DSI-NRF Grant Number 113121) and the CSUR HIPPO Project (DSI-NRF Grant Number 121291). This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France, and NASA’s Astrophysics Data System. This work has also made use of TOPCAT (Taylor 2005); the IPYTHON package (Pérez & Granger 2007); SciPy (Jones et al. 2001); MATPLOTLIB, a PYTHON library for publication quality graphics (Hunter 2007); ASTROPY, a community-developed core PYTHON package for astronomy (Astropy Collaboration 2013); and NUMPY (Van Der Walt et al. 2011). We present the detection of 68 sources from the most sensitive radio survey in circular polarisation conducted to date. We used the second data release of the 144 MHz LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey to produce circularly polarised maps with a median noise of 140 µJy beam−1 and resolution of 20″ for ≈27% of the northern sky (5634 deg2). The leakage of total intensity into circular polarisation is measured to be ≈0.06%, and our survey is complete at flux densities ≥1 mJy. A detection is considered reliable when the circularly polarised fraction exceeds 1%. We find the population of circularly polarised sources is composed of four distinct classes: stellar systems, pulsars, active galactic nuclei, and sources unidentified in the literature. The stellar systems can be further separated into chromospherically active stars, M dwarfs, and brown dwarfs. Based on the circularly polarised fraction and lack of an optical counterpart, we show it is possible to infer whether the unidentified sources are likely unknown pulsars or brown dwarfs. By the completion of this survey of the northern sky, we expect to detect 300±100 circularly polarised sources. © The Authors 2023. Full list of authors: Callingham, J. R.; Shimwell, T. W.; Vedantham, H. K.; Bassa, C. G.; O'Sullivan, S. P.; Yiu, T. W. H.; Bloot, S.; Best, P. N.; Hardcastle, M. J.; Haverkorn, M.; Kavanagh, R. D.; Lamy, L.; Pope, B. J. S.; Rottgering, H. J. A.; Schwarz, D. J.; Tasse, C.; van Weeren, R. J.; White, G. J.; Zarka, P.; Bomans, D. J.; Bonafede, A.; Bonato, M.; Botteon, A.; Bruggen, M.; Chyzy, K. T.; Drabent, A.; Emig, K. L.; Gloudemans, A. J.; Guerkan, G.; Hajduk, M.; Hoang, D. N.; Hoeft, M.; Iacobelli, M.; Kadler, M.; Kunert-Bajraszewska, M.; Mingo, B.; Morabito, L. K.; Nair, D. G.; Perez-Torres, M.; Ray, T. P.; Riseley, C. J.; Rowlinson, A.; Shulevski, A.; Sweijen, F.; Timmerman, R.; Vaccari, M.; Zheng, J.-- This is an Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. With funding from the Spanish government through the "Severo Ochoa Centre of Excellence" accreditation (CEX2021-001131-S). Peer reviewed

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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2022
      License: CC BY
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    Authors: Laurent Romary; Charles Riondet;

    This article tackles the issue of integrating heterogeneous archival sources in one single data repository, namely the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure (EHRI) portal, whose aim is to support Holocaust research by providing online access to information about dispersed sources relating to the Holocaust (http://portal.ehri-project.eu). In this case, the problem at hand is to combine data coming from a network of archives in order to create an interoperable data space which can be used to search for, retrieve and disseminate content in the context of archival-based research. The scholarly purpose has specific consequences on our task. It assumes that the information made available to the researcher is as close as possible to the originating source in order to guarantee that the ensuing analysis can be deemed reliable. In the EHRI network of archives, as already observed in the case of the EU Cendari project, one cannot but face heterogeneity. The EHRI portal brings together descriptions from more than 1900 institutions. Each archive comes with a whole range of idiosyncrasies corresponding to the way it has been set up and evolved over time. Cataloging practices may also differ. Even the degree of digitization may range from the absence of a digital catalogue to the provision of a full-fledged online catalogue with all the necessary APIs for anyone to query and extract content. There is indeed a contrast here with the global endeavour at the international level to develop and promote standards for the description of archival content as a whole. Nonetheless, in a project like EHRI, standards should play a central role. They are necessary for many tasks related to the integration and exploitation of the aggregated content, namely: ● Being able to compare the content of the various sources, thus being able to develop quality-checking processes; ● Defining of an integrated repository infrastructure where the content of the various archival sources can be reliably hosted; ● Querying and re-using content in a seamless way; ● Deploying tools that have been developed independently of the specificities of the information sources, for instance in order to visualise or mine the resulting pool of information. The central aspect of the work described in this paper is the assessment of the role of the EAD (Encoded Archival Description) standard as the basis for achieving the tasks described above. We have worked out how we could develop a real strategy of defining specific customization of EAD that could be used at various stages of the process of integrating heterogeneous sources. While doing so, we have developed a methodology based on a specification and customization method inspired from the extensive experience of the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) community. In the TEI framework, as we show in section 1, one has the possibility to model specific subsets or extensions of the TEI guidelines while maintaining both the technical (XML schemas) and editorial (documentation) content within a single framework. This work has led us quite far in anticipating that the method we have developed may be of a wider interest within similar environments, but also, as we believe, for the future maintenance of the EAD standard. Finally this work, successfully tested and implemented in the framework of EHRI [Riondet 2017], can be seen as part of the wider endeavour of European research infrastructures in the humanities such as CLARIN and DARIAH to provide support for researchers to integrate the use of standards in their scholarly practices. This is the reason why the general workflow studied here has been introduced as a use case in the umbrella infrastructure project PARTHENOS which aims, among other things, at disseminating information and resources about methodological and technical standards in the humanities.

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    OpenAIRE; Archival Science
    Other literature type . Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
    License: Springer TDM
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    Archival Science
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    Authors: Nadia Boukhelifa; Michael Bryant; Natasa Bulatovic; Ivan Čukić; +5 Authors

    International audience; The CENDARI infrastructure is a research-supporting platform designed to provide tools for transnational historical research, focusing on two topics: medieval culture and World War I. It exposes to the end users modern Web-based tools relying on a sophisticated infrastructure to collect, enrich, annotate, and search through large document corpora. Supporting researchers in their daily work is a novel concern for infrastructures. We describe how we gathered requirements through multiple methods to understand historians' needs and derive an abstract workflow to support them. We then outline the tools that we have built, tying their technical descriptions to the user requirements. The main tools are the note-taking environment and its faceted search capabilities; the data integration platform including the Data API, supporting semantic enrichment through entity recognition; and the environment supporting the software development processes throughout the project to keep both technical partners and researchers in the loop. The outcomes are technical together with new resources developed and gathered, and the research workflow that has been described and documented.

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    OpenAIRE
    Article . 2018
    Data sources: OpenAIRE
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    Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
    Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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    Hal-Diderot
    Article . 2018
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      Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage
      Article . 2018 . Peer-reviewed
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      Article . 2018
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