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142 Research products, page 1 of 15

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Blandine Nouvel; Evelyne Sinigaglia; Véronique Humbert;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The aim of the talk is to present the methodology used to reorganise the PACTOLS thesaurus of Frantiq, launched within the framework of the MASA consortium. PACTOLS is a multilingual and open repository about archaeology from Prehistory to the present and for Classics. It is organized into six micro-thesaurus at the root of its name (Peuples, Anthroponymes,Chronologie, Toponymes, Oeuvres, Lieux, Sujets). The goal is to turn it into a tool interoperable with information systems beyond its original documentary purpose, and usable by archaeologists as a repository for managing scientific data. During the talk, we will describe the choice of tools, the organisation of work within the steering group and the collaborations with specialists for the upgrading and development of the vocabulary while showing the strengths and limitations of some experiments. Above allit will show how the introduction of the conceptual categories of the BackBone Thesaurus of DARIAH, modelled on the CIDOC-CRM ontology, through a progressive deconstruction/reconstruction process, eventually had an impact on all micro thesauri and questioned the organisation of knowledge so far proposed.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nataša Jermen; Zdenko Jecic;

    Professionally edited open access online encyclopaedias enable a systemic and reliable orientation within the ever-increasing amount of data and information on the Internet. Providing access to scientifically verified information, they represent an important part of the research and didactic infrastructure. This paper demonstrates the activities of Croatia’s Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography aimed at exploring the new encyclopaedic concept in the digital age. The Institute’s digital transformation is shown, which involves the digitisation and online publishing of archival editions, publishing of the permanently updated online general encyclopaedia, and the transformation of specialised encyclopedias to the encyclopaedic portals. Encyclopaedic portals could represent a new concept of encyclopaedias in the digital realm by serving as platforms for data networking and sharing, a sort of ‘junction points’ that connect diverse digital content on a specific topic. Institute’s publicly available repository of encyclopaedic knowledge enables the linking to the digital data and collections of other research and cultural institutions; therefore the collaborative projects aimed at reinforcing digital research and cultural infrastructure will be described. Thanks to the properties of the digital media and increasing connectivity, a closer collaboration Towards a New Concept of Open Access Online Encyclopaedia : A Case Study from... between professionally edited online encyclopaedias across Europe (and beyond) is enabled. This paper elaborates a range of initiatives seeking to build connections across individual European and North American national encyclopaedias, focusing on the role that Croatian encyclopaedistics plays in this endeavour.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Boukhelifa, Nadia; Giannisakis, Emmanouil; Dimara, Evanthia; Willett, Wesley; Fekete, Jean-Daniel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | CENDARI (284432)

    International audience; In this paper we describe the development and evaluation of a visual analytics tool to support historical research. Historians continuously gather data related to their scholarly research from archival visits and background search. Organising and making sense of all this data can be challenging as many historians continue to rely on analog or basic digital tools. We built an integrated note-taking environment for historians which unifies a set of func-tionalities we identified as important for historical research including editing, tagging, searching, sharing and visualization. Our approach was to involve users from the initial stage of brainstorming and requirement analysis through to design, implementation and evaluation. We report on the process and results of our work, and conclude by reflecting on our own experience in conducting user-centered visual analytics design for digital humanities.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2016
    Restricted English
    Authors: 
    Emiliano Degl'Innocenti; Alfredo Cosco; Fabrizio Butini; Roberta Giacomi; Vinicio Serafini;
    Publisher: Springer, Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London, CHE
    Country: Italy
    Project: EC | PARTHENOS (654119), EC | CENDARI (284432)

    TRAME is a research infrastructure for medieval manuscripts. The TRAME engine scans a set of sources for searched terms and retrieves links to a wide range of possible information, from simple reference, to detailed manuscript record, to full text transcriptions. Currently, it is possible to perform queries by: free-text, shelfmark, author, title, date, copyst or incipit, on more than 80 selected scholarly digital resources across EU and USA. Since 2014 September 1st, TRAME has entered a new phase and the current work is focused on: extending the meta-search approach to other web resources, leveraging the users interaction to define an ontology for medieval manuscripts, re-designing the front-end towards a new UX approach.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefan Bornhofen; Marten Düring;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | BLIZAAR (ANR-15-CE23-0002)

    AbstractThe paper presents Intergraph, a graph-based visual analytics technical demonstrator for the exploration and study of content in historical document collections. The designed prototype is motivated by a practical use case on a corpus of circa 15.000 digitized resources about European integration since 1945. The corpus allowed generating a dynamic multilayer network which represents different kinds of named entities appearing and co-appearing in the collections. To our knowledge, Intergraph is one of the first interactive tools to visualize dynamic multilayer graphs for collections of digitized historical sources. Graph visualization and interaction methods have been designed based on user requirements for content exploration by non-technical users without a strong background in network science, and to compensate for common flaws with the annotation of named entities. Users work with self-selected subsets of the overall data by interacting with a scene of small graphs which can be added, altered and compared. This allows an interest-driven navigation in the corpus and the discovery of the interconnections of its entities across time.

  • Publication . Conference object . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Romary, Laurent; Khemakhem, Mohamed; Khan, Fahad; Bowers, Jack; Calzolari, Nicoletta; George, Monte; Pet, Mandy; Bański, Piotr;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience; Lexical Markup Framework (LMF) or ISO 24613 [1] is a de jure standard that provides a framework for modelling and encoding lexical information in retrodigitised print dictionaries and NLP lexical databases. An in-depth review is currently underway within the standardisation subcommittee , ISO-TC37/SC4/WG4, to find a more modular, flexible and durable follow up to the original LMF standard published in 2008. In this paper we will present some of the major improvements which have so far been implemented in the new version of LMF.

  • Publication . Conference object . 2017
    English
    Authors: 
    Witt, Andreas;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience; CLARIN-D stand on sustainability in the CLARIN-ERIC context.

  • Publication . Conference object . 2017
    English
    Authors: 
    Gius, Evelyn;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience; CLARIN and DARIAH sustainability from the point of view of the DHd (Association Digital Humanities in the German speaking area)

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bernard, Loup;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; After more than a decade online, the ArkeoGIS project illustrates the benefits of data sharing. Thanks to free software bricks, and with the precious help of the CNRS’s Huma-Num infrastructure, this spreadsheet sharing platform has shown its efficiency. Users can freely select their language, chronology and the data they wish to share. With over 100 database extracts from professionals, research grants and advanced students, the tool now offers more than 100,000 spatialized data units about the past - in the Upper Rhine valley and also worldwide depending on users’ needs. In this contribution, good practices, hindrances and accelerators of data sharing among archaeologists and (paleo-) environmentalists on the ArkeoGIS platform will be discussed, with the hope of generating more sharing in the digital humanities.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Preprint . Part of book or chapter of book . Conference object . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Miriam Baglioni; Alessia Bardi; Argiro Kokogiannaki; Paolo Manghi; Katerina Iatropoulou; Pedro Príncipe; André Vieira; Lars Holm Nielsen; Harry Dimitropoulos; Ioannis Foufoulas; +7 more
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing, CH-6330 Cham (ZG), CHE
    Countries: Italy, Portugal, Portugal
    Project: WT , EC | OpenAIRE-Advance (777541), EC | OpenAIRE-Connect (731011), WT , EC | OpenAIRE-Advance (777541), EC | OpenAIRE-Connect (731011)

    Despite the hype, the effective implementation of Open Science is hindered by several cultural and technical barriers. Researchers embraced digital science, use “digital laboratories” (e.g. research infrastructures, thematic services) to conduct their research and publish research data, but practices and tools are still far from achieving the expectations of transparency and reproducibility of Open Science. The places where science is performed and the places where science is published are still regarded as different realms. Publishing is still a post-experimental, tedious, manual process, too often limited to articles, in some contexts semantically linked to datasets, rarely to software, generally disregarding digital representations of experiments. In this work we present the OpenAIRE Research Community Dashboard (RCD), designed to overcome some of these barriers for a given research community, minimizing the technical efforts and without renouncing any of the community services or practices. The RCD flanks digital laboratories of research communities with scholarly communication tools for discovering and publishing interlinked scientific products such as literature, datasets, and software. The benefits of the RCD are show-cased by means of two real-case scenarios: the European Marine Science community and the European Plate Observing System (EPOS) research infrastructure. This work is partly funded by the OpenAIRE-Advance H2020 project (grant number: 777541; call: H2020-EINFRA-2017) and the OpenAIREConnect H2020 project (grant number: 731011; call: H2020-EINFRA-2016-1). Moreover, we would like to thank our colleagues Michele Manunta, Francesco Casu, and Claudio De Luca (Institute for the Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment, CNR, Italy) for their work on the EPOS infrastructure RCD; and Stephane Pesant (University of Bremen, Germany) his work on the European Marine Science RCD. First Online 30 August 2019