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13 Research products, page 1 of 2

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Blandine Nouvel; Evelyne Sinigaglia; Véronique Humbert;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The aim of the talk is to present the methodology used to reorganise the PACTOLS thesaurus of Frantiq, launched within the framework of the MASA consortium. PACTOLS is a multilingual and open repository about archaeology from Prehistory to the present and for Classics. It is organized into six micro-thesaurus at the root of its name (Peuples, Anthroponymes,Chronologie, Toponymes, Oeuvres, Lieux, Sujets). The goal is to turn it into a tool interoperable with information systems beyond its original documentary purpose, and usable by archaeologists as a repository for managing scientific data. During the talk, we will describe the choice of tools, the organisation of work within the steering group and the collaborations with specialists for the upgrading and development of the vocabulary while showing the strengths and limitations of some experiments. Above allit will show how the introduction of the conceptual categories of the BackBone Thesaurus of DARIAH, modelled on the CIDOC-CRM ontology, through a progressive deconstruction/reconstruction process, eventually had an impact on all micro thesauri and questioned the organisation of knowledge so far proposed.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bel, Bernard;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | ORTOLANG (ANR-11-EQPX-0032)

    In 2008, a pilot project initiated by TGE Adonis, a large research infrastructure, brought together designers of data repositories, archivists and system engineers to set up collaborative oral/linguistic resource centres in France. This paper discusses challenging issues addressed by this team when implementing an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) bundled with an institutional archive. After the completion of the pilot project, the Speech & Language Data Repository (SLDR) underwent development for the systematic management of access rights in compliance with the French Heritage code. Its framework claims to be applicable to other systems worldwide, which would facilitate interoperability between protected repositories equipped with transfer of authentication techniques (Single Sign-On).

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bel, Bernard; Gasquet-Cyrus, Médéric;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Our laboratory (LPL) is engaged in a process of resource collection, analysis and theorizing (socio)linguistics with particular focus on links between experimental and field approaches. In this framework we started two projects whose initial objectives were the construction of a corpus for endangered languages on the border area of Provençal and Francoprovençal (Valjouffrey and Valbonnais, Isère)(1) and documenting codeswitching in interactions between their speakers (2).Fieldwork for these projects takes advantage of technology available from the speech experimental platform of LPL (3). Multichannel recordings with head-worn microphones permit an accurate study of ovelapping speech turns in sessions involving up to 8 participants. Full video coverage facilitates annotations meeting the requirements of research on multimodality (4).These conditions led us to redefine the categories of ‘corpus’ and ‘annotation’ in terms of primary and secundary data. We include in the former all data collected during an experimental session or field enquiry, i.e. physiological signals associated with speech production but also photos, drawings, texts and documents handed over by participants. Secondary data is everything derived from primary data, including signal files reprocessed or transcoded for technical reasons.Dealing with large amounts of data goes far beyond the scope of the projects motivating their collection. For this reason they rely on facilities for medium-term and long-term archiving offered by the Resource Centre for the Description of Oral (CRDO) (5) constructed on the OAIS model (6) with a versioning system adapted to the life cycle of such projects. All archives are accessible to the public if not assigned restrictions regulated by law (7).Data sharing contributes to the popularity of projects with the effect of mobilizing amateurs or professionals handing over unpublished data (recordings, manuscripts or theses) to CRDO for its preservation and non-commercial distribution. This amplification phenomenon empowered the speakers of Valjouffrey patois. They became members of the research team in full right, appropriating research topics they feel most relevant: designing a script for their revitalized language (8) and undertaking a detailed inventory of place names (9) that delineate their living space (toponymy).This interdisciplinary approach aims at reconciling a) the quality requirements of experimental linguistics, b) needs for the preservation and pooling of resources and c) ethics and quality requirements of field linguistics. Currently this work is supported by collaborative efforts to develop cross-corpus query techniques accessing both pertinent descriptive metadata and core material tagged with standardized annotation techniques (10).References1. Project ValjouffreyHistory and links: http://sldr.org/wiki/ValjouffreyShared resources: http://sldr.org/sldr0005252. Project (Re)parler « sa » langue : l'alternance codique, à la recherche des langues oubliéeshttp://sldr.org/sldr0007623. Centre d’expérimentation sur la parolehttp://lpl-aix.fr/cep4. OTIM project (Tools for Multimodal Information Processing)http://lpl-aix.fr/~otim5. CRDO-Aix submission sitePresentation: http://sldr.org/doc/show/SldrPresentation-en.pdfProject Preservation Description Information: http://sldr.org/ppdi/en6. Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS)http://public.ccsds.org/publications/archive/650x0b1.pdf7. Access rights management in compliance with the French Code du patrimoine: a generic approach for the OAIS model running CRDO-Aixhttp://sldr.org/wiki/accessRightsManagement_en8. Audio/video work sessions: plans P38-39-40-41, 29 June 2010, and P59-P60, 12 February 2011http://sldr.org/sldr000764/toc9. Video work session: plans P64m1, P64m2, 13 February 2011http://sldr.org/sldr000764/toc10. This refers to ISOcat http://www.clarin.eu/tools/isocat regarding control vocabularies, CLARIN’s European Demonstrator Case for query techniques, and FlaReNet http://www.flarenet.eu with respect to standards and evaluation techniques..

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Adeline Joffres; Mike Priddy; Francesca Morselli; Thomas Lebarbé; Xavier Granier; Paul Bertrand; Xavier Rodier; Fabrice Melka; Jason Camlot; Stéfan Sinclair; +17 more
    Country: France

    International audience; Knowledge production has always act globally, and when it comes to the humanities early networks of scholars can still be traced in their letter correspondence. With the emergence of digital humanities more prominently in the 1970s, research communities have organized themselves in many different ways. The enthusiasm generated by the promises of what was sometimes perceived as a "new field" were to some extent echoed in new forms of institutionalization, to the point of defining a discipline in its own right. But the enthusiasms was also accompanied by a certain resistance of communities reluctant to introduce digital technology into their field.The term of "digital humanities" in these earlier days of adopting digital methods into the humanities created an area, a niche, inside which pioneers in Digital Humanities could gain critical mass. Today, where digital methods are far more widely applied, one can observe an almost opposite trend, the abandoning of a ‘specific label’ and a much broader advocacy concerning all humanities.What remains specific for DH communities is the close alliance between content providers (which themselves are in a process of digitisation content and access), humanities scholars applying digital methods, and computer scientists linking to new methodological achievements in their field. However, this alliance can express itself in very different forms of national and international organisation, and is far from following a specific model.This panel examines different ways of "forming a community" among digital humanities scholars and scholars in other fields, and other actors in DH. The contributions span a range from generic ways to design digital research infrastructures in the SSH, over national solutions to supranational coordination.The purpose of this panel is to unfold the diversity of the current "digital humanist movement”, not only to compare, but also to understand what is at stake for the actors involved and what impact the different forms of organisation have on creation and evolution of research communities. We further discuss issues of cohesion and durability. Through the papers presented, we will examine the impact of bottom-up, top-down and horizontal strategies as well as the adoption of hybrid solutions (organizational, disciplinary, methodological, scalar) in the design of research communities. This approach will allow us to put convergences and challenges into perspective and to question the re- compositions at work within SSH communities.This panel will highlight the experiences of SSH research communities from different cultures and organizations rooted at different levels of governance, such as some French communities structured around institutional nodes such as Maisons des Sciences de l'Homme (MSH), or research infrastructures at the national (TGIR Huma-Num) or European level (DARIAH ERIC); project based collaboration of research infrastructures (DANS, The Netherlands) and Canada (CRIHN); and professional networks and transnational associations related to digital humanities (e.g. Humanistica, the French-speaking association of digital humanities, or the Latin American network for digital humanities under construction). The comparison of the experiences presented will not produce a homogeneous and smooth image but will highlight differences in approaches and organisation. Even it seems nearly impossible to give account of every association that could be representative on a way to build community in DH, the chair of the session will make an introduction with a brief summary of this landscape. That said, besides the geographical aspect that we try to include, another is that we are giving voice to formal and informal associations such as the LatamHD network, that is just at an early stage and that is not yet defined in its goals. We decided to propose several solutions to deal with the diversity of needs and practises inside our communities and we wanted to present some of them to share our experiences and initiate discussions during this panel in order to develop collaborations with colleagues sharing the same kind of constraints.Thus, the objective is to have a broad discussion with the audience to broaden the perspectives to other experiences.This panel aims to contribute to the reflective work in the wider DH context about factors of constitution, consolidation and evolution of its research communities.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dumouchel, Suzanne;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; This contribution will show how Access play a strong role in the creation and structuring of DARIAH, a European Digital Research Infrastructure in Arts and Humanities.To achieve this goal, this contribution will develop the concept of Access from five examples:_ Interdisciplinarity point of view_ Manage contradiction between national and international perspectives_ Involve different communities (not only researchers stakeholders)_ Manage tools and services_ Develop and use new collaboration toolsWe would like to demonstrate that speaking about Access always implies a selection, a choice, even in the perspective of "Open Access".

  • English
    Authors: 
    Darhri, Anas Alaoui M.; Vincent Baillet; Bastien Bourineau; Alessio Calantropio; Gabriella Carpentiero; Medhi Chayani; Livio de Luca; Iwona Dudek; Bruno Dutailly; Hélène Gautier; +22 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | PARTHENOS (654119)

    International audience; Through this White Paper, which gathers contributions from experts of 3D data as well as professionals concerned with the interoperability and sustainability of 3D research data, the PARTHENOS project aims at highlighting some of the current issues they have to face, with possible specific points according to the discipline, and potential practices and methodologies to deal with these issues.During the workshop, several tools to deal with these issues have been introduced and confronted with the participants experiences, this White Paper now intends to go further by also integrating participants feedbacks and suggestions of potential improvements.Therefore, even if the focus is put on specific tools, the main goal is to contribute to the development of standardized good practices related to the sharing, publication, storage and long-term preservation of 3D data.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Nouvel, Blandine;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • English
    Authors: 
    Larrousse, Nicolas; Marchand, Joël;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Nowadays, as the use of digital data for research in Humanities has become the norm, researchers are dealing with a huge amount of data. As a consequence, the risk of data loss is increasing. Another difficulty is to provide full access to this flood of data to users often located in distant areas. These problems can no longer be addressed individually by researchers or even at a laboratory level: it is therefore necessary to use a technical infrastructure with specific skills to provide stable preservation services.This paper will present the implementation of a preservation system in France, branded “Huma-Num-Box”, which aims to address these challenges. This solution is proposed by Huma-Num, the French national infrastructure dedicated to Digital Humanities.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Berra, Aurélien; Durco, Matej; Gaffield, Chad; Larrousse, Nicolas; Ribbe, Paulin; Priddy, Mike; Thiel, Carsten;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Publication . Conference object . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Giglia, Elena; Dumouchel, Suzanne; Gingold, Arnaud; Ernst, Elisabeth;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience