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89 Research products, page 1 of 9

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  • English
    Authors: 
    Blandine Nouvel; Evelyne Sinigaglia; Véronique Humbert;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The aim of the talk is to present the methodology used to reorganise the PACTOLS thesaurus of Frantiq, launched within the framework of the MASA consortium. PACTOLS is a multilingual and open repository about archaeology from Prehistory to the present and for Classics. It is organized into six micro-thesaurus at the root of its name (Peuples, Anthroponymes,Chronologie, Toponymes, Oeuvres, Lieux, Sujets). The goal is to turn it into a tool interoperable with information systems beyond its original documentary purpose, and usable by archaeologists as a repository for managing scientific data. During the talk, we will describe the choice of tools, the organisation of work within the steering group and the collaborations with specialists for the upgrading and development of the vocabulary while showing the strengths and limitations of some experiments. Above allit will show how the introduction of the conceptual categories of the BackBone Thesaurus of DARIAH, modelled on the CIDOC-CRM ontology, through a progressive deconstruction/reconstruction process, eventually had an impact on all micro thesauri and questioned the organisation of knowledge so far proposed.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Boukhelifa, Nadia; Giannisakis, Emmanouil; Dimara, Evanthia; Willett, Wesley; Fekete, Jean-Daniel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | CENDARI (284432)

    International audience; In this paper we describe the development and evaluation of a visual analytics tool to support historical research. Historians continuously gather data related to their scholarly research from archival visits and background search. Organising and making sense of all this data can be challenging as many historians continue to rely on analog or basic digital tools. We built an integrated note-taking environment for historians which unifies a set of func-tionalities we identified as important for historical research including editing, tagging, searching, sharing and visualization. Our approach was to involve users from the initial stage of brainstorming and requirement analysis through to design, implementation and evaluation. We report on the process and results of our work, and conclude by reflecting on our own experience in conducting user-centered visual analytics design for digital humanities.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefan Bornhofen; Marten Düring;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | BLIZAAR (ANR-15-CE23-0002)

    AbstractThe paper presents Intergraph, a graph-based visual analytics technical demonstrator for the exploration and study of content in historical document collections. The designed prototype is motivated by a practical use case on a corpus of circa 15.000 digitized resources about European integration since 1945. The corpus allowed generating a dynamic multilayer network which represents different kinds of named entities appearing and co-appearing in the collections. To our knowledge, Intergraph is one of the first interactive tools to visualize dynamic multilayer graphs for collections of digitized historical sources. Graph visualization and interaction methods have been designed based on user requirements for content exploration by non-technical users without a strong background in network science, and to compensate for common flaws with the annotation of named entities. Users work with self-selected subsets of the overall data by interacting with a scene of small graphs which can be added, altered and compared. This allows an interest-driven navigation in the corpus and the discovery of the interconnections of its entities across time.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Preprint . 2016 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Grefenstette, Gregory; Muchemi, Lawrence;
    Publisher: arXiv
    Country: France

    International audience; Current research in lifelog data has not paid enough attention to analysis of cognitive activities in comparison to physical activities. We argue that as we look into the future, wearable devices are going to be cheaper and more prevalent and textual data will play a more significant role. Data captured by lifelogging devices will increasingly include speech and text, potentially useful in analysis of intellectual activities. Analyzing what a person hears, reads, and sees, we should be able to measure the extent of cognitive activity devoted to a certain topic or subject by a learner. Test-based lifelog records can benefit from semantic analysis tools developed for natural language processing. We show how semantic analysis of such text data can be achieved through the use of taxonomic subject facets and how these facets might be useful in quantifying cognitive activity devoted to various topics in a person's day. We are currently developing a method to automatically create taxonomic topic vocabularies that can be applied to this detection of intellectual activity.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bernard, Loup;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; After more than a decade online, the ArkeoGIS project illustrates the benefits of data sharing. Thanks to free software bricks, and with the precious help of the CNRS’s Huma-Num infrastructure, this spreadsheet sharing platform has shown its efficiency. Users can freely select their language, chronology and the data they wish to share. With over 100 database extracts from professionals, research grants and advanced students, the tool now offers more than 100,000 spatialized data units about the past - in the Upper Rhine valley and also worldwide depending on users’ needs. In this contribution, good practices, hindrances and accelerators of data sharing among archaeologists and (paleo-) environmentalists on the ArkeoGIS platform will be discussed, with the hope of generating more sharing in the digital humanities.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bel, Bernard;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | ORTOLANG (ANR-11-EQPX-0032)

    In 2008, a pilot project initiated by TGE Adonis, a large research infrastructure, brought together designers of data repositories, archivists and system engineers to set up collaborative oral/linguistic resource centres in France. This paper discusses challenging issues addressed by this team when implementing an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) bundled with an institutional archive. After the completion of the pilot project, the Speech & Language Data Repository (SLDR) underwent development for the systematic management of access rights in compliance with the French Heritage code. Its framework claims to be applicable to other systems worldwide, which would facilitate interoperability between protected repositories equipped with transfer of authentication techniques (Single Sign-On).

  • English
    Authors: 
    Beißwenger, Michael; Chanier, Thierry; Ehrhardt, Eric; Herold, Axel; Lüngen, Harald; Poudat, Céline; Storrer, Angelika;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The panel presents results and ongoing work from corpus projects in which TEI-P5 hasbeen adopted for the representation and linguistic annotation of genres of social mediaand computer-mediated communication (CMC). It relates to the work of the TEI-SIG“computer-mediated communication” which is developing TEI models for therepresentation of CMC genres and testing these models for a broad range of genres(ranging from “text-only” genres such as chat and SMS to multimodal genres such aslearning environments and Second Life) and in corpus building initiatives for variousEuropean languages.The goal of the panel is to give an overview of models and practices in representingCMC in TEI on the example of German and French CMC corpora. A documentation andODD files of the schemas developed by the group will be made available in the TEI wikiand be announced via the TEI mailing list before the conference so that everybody whois interested in participating in the discussion can examine the CMC models in advance.The discussion in the panel shall serve as an opportunity for collecting feedback onthese models and schema drafts from a broader community within the TEI who isinterested in adapting TEI-P5 for the representation of new (digital) genres. Thisfeedback will be taken into consideration when revising the models and – as a next stepafter the conference – preparing feature requests for adapting the TEI for CMC.

  • Publication . Conference object . 2013
    English
    Authors: 
    Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Presentation of several issues related to the query of standardized lexical data.

  • Publication . Conference object . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chambers, Sally; van der West, Jan; Hoogerwerf, Maarten; Backes, Marianne;
    Publisher: University of Antwerp
    Countries: France, Belgium, France

    International audience; DARIAH, the Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities, aims to enhance and support digitally-enabled research and teaching across the humanities and arts. By bringing together national activities from Member countries, DARIAH is able to offer a portfolio of services and activities centred around research communities. DARIAH was established as a European legal entity in August 2014 with 15 countries - Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Slovenia and Serbia – as Founding Members. This was an important step towards developing a research infrastructure for sharing and sustaining digital arts and humanities knowledge across Europe and beyond. Using the opportunity to present a poster at DH Benelux 2015 as a starting point, the authors would like to explore how DARIAH-BE, DARIAH-LU and DARIAH-NL could collaborate to both strengthen their participation in DARIAH within their individual countries and together as the Benelux region. Initial ideas include: a) increasing collaboration between researchers and infrastructure providers: taking advantage of the geographical proximity and language synergies to participate in shared activities e.g. joint research projects and training events, b) increasing funding opportunities: exploring regional possibilities for funding and establishing partnerships for European funding proposals and c) sharing DARIAH knowledge and experience: increasing understanding and identifying synergies between the DARIAH activities in each country. Through strengthening the collaboration between DARIAH activities in Belgium, Luxembourg and The Netherlands, we would like to facilitate maximum participation of digital humanities researchers in the Benelux region in DARIAH in order to take full advantage of the benefits of being part of the European DARIAH community.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Lhoste, Evelyne;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    National audience; Notre enquête porte sur le centre national de recherche zootechnique de l’Inra à Jouy-en-Josas (CNRZ), le berceau de la recherche sur les productions animales. Ouvert en 1950 avec pour enjeu de recherche la modernisation de l’élevage français, le domaine agricole de Vilvert fut quasiment déserté dans les années 1970 suite à une vague de décentralisation imposée par l’Etat. Lorsqu’en 1980 l’Inra se lance dans les biotechnologies, Le centre de recherche de Jouy-en-Josas en devient le fer de lance. Il est aussi entraîné dans le mouvement de polarisation de la recherche au sein de la Région Ile-de France et plus tard, de l’Université Paris-Saclay. Bien qu’il ne porte plus l’épithète « national », le Campus de Vilvert conserve une haute valeur symbolique pour l’institution du fait de sa situation métropolitaine et de son envergure internationale. En abordant le Campus de l’Inra de Jouy-en-Josas comme un paysage socio-technique qui rend visible l’histoire du champ scientifique des productions animales, nous étudions l’inscription de cet objet dans l’espace géographique à travers des cartes que nous mettons en parallèle avec l’évolution des territoires scientifiques. Dans l’espace scientifique, les champs thématiques se situent à la frontière des sciences de l’animal, de l’alimentation et des microbes. Nous avons cherché à cartographier les réseaux de collaboration scientifique à travers une analyse lexicométrique des productions scientifiques. Nous postulons que les changements dans la gestion du territoire physique traduisent les dynamiques sociales, épistémiques et politiques d’un champ de recherche autant qu’ils les modèlent. Ce travail contribue à l’étude des changements induits par le passage d’un régime de production des connaissances qualifié de colbertiste très lié aux filières de l’élevage à un régime de capitalisme académique voué aux biotechnologies (Bonneuil et Thomas, 2009) et comment ils s’inscrivent dans les matérialités. Cette notion de régime permet d’appréhender comment s’articule un ensemble non homogène mais néanmoins coordonné de discours, de pratiques, de productions (écrits, techniques, standards, procédures), de valeurs et de normes (épistémologiques, morales et sociales) dans et hors du monde de la recherche. Au niveau géographique, les bâtiments d’élevage sont déconstruits pour libérer de la surface au profit de laboratoires de biologie moléculaire. Ces agencements sont contemporains de transformations dans les cultures épistémiques des chercheurs. Dans la période antérieure, il s’agissait plutôt d’agronomes souvent plus enclins à transférer les connaissances à la profession qu’à rédiger des articles pour des revues scientifiques. La révolution « biotech » voit arriver de jeunes universitaires tandis que l’institution incite ses chercheurs à l’excellence scientifique, ce qui se traduit par des publications dans des revues internationales. Parallèlement à ces dynamiques globales, le périmètre du Campus s’étend par le fait des alliances institutionnelles locales. L’analyse lexicométrique des productions scientifiques montre que les coopérations de proximité (entendu comme géographique et disciplinaire) sont les plus fréquentes. Ces transformations sociales, organisationnelles et techniques préexistent à la promesse scientifique consistant à mettre en avant la biologie intégrative pour affirmer la possibilité de concevoir un animal en fonction de finalités prescrites par des enjeux d’innovation et de durabilité