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33 Research products, page 1 of 4

  • DARIAH EU
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  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Rose, Corinna;
    Publisher: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philosophische Fakultät I, Institut für Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft
    Country: Germany

    Gleich mehrere Projekte befinden sich aktuell in der Aufbauphase, die eine digitale Infrastruktur für geisteswissenschaftliche Forschungsprozesse und Methoden in Forschung und Lehre schaffen möchten. Während allgemeine Empfehlungen zu wünschenswerten Komponenten virtueller Forschungsumgebungen in der Literatur bereits mehrfach gegeben wurden und sich zu einer umfangreichen Liste aufaddieren, gibt es wenige konkrete Anhaltspunkte, was den langfristigen Erfolg einer digitalen Forschungsumgebung in den heterogenen Geisteswissenschaften wirklich ausmachen wird. Dieser Frage geht die vorliegende Arbeit am Beispiel der Kunstgeschichte und der Ethnologie nach.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . Other literature type . Article . 2017 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Biancini, A.; Florio, L.; Haase, M.; Hardt, Markus; Jankowski, M.; Jensen, Jens; Kanellopoulos, C.; Liampotis, N.; Licehammer, Slavek; Memon, S.; +7 more
    Publisher: arXiv
    Country: Germany

    AARC (Authentication and Authorisation for Research Communities) is a two-year EC-funded project to develop and pilot an integrated cross-discipline authentication and authorisation framework, building on existing authentication and authorisation infrastructures (AAIs) and production federated infrastructure. AARC also champions federated access and offers tailored training to complement the actions needed to test AARC results and to promote AARC outcomes. This article describes a high-level blueprint architectures for interoperable AAIs. Comment: This text was part of a (public) EU deliverable document. It has a main part and a long appendix with more details about example infrastructures that were taken into acount

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Wandl-Vogt, Eveline; Roberto Barbera; La Rocca, Giuseppe; Calanducci, Antonio; Carrubba, Carla; Inserra, Giuseppina; Kalman, Tibor; Sipos, Gergely; Farkas, Zoltan; Davidovic, Davor;
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | EGI-Engage (654142)

    The paper introduces into a new Science Gateway, developed in the framework of the European Horizon 2020 project EGI Engage - DARIAH Competence Centre, which started in March 2015 co-funded by the European Union, with the participation of about 70 (research) units in over 30 countries. In this paper the authors focus on trans-disciplinary collaboration in the framework of explorative lexicography in cultural context. On the one hand, they give a short overview of the architecture of the Science Gateway, used techniques, and specific applications and services developed during the DARIAH Competence Centre. On the other they mainly focus on possible added value and changes concerning work flow for Lexicographers and researchers on Lexical resources. This is exemplified on the European network of COST action IS 1305 “European Network of electronic lexicography (ENeL)”.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Reinhard Altenhöner; Ina Blümel; Franziska Boehm; Jens Bove; Katrin Bicher; Christian Bracht; Ortrun Brand; Lisa Dieckmann; Maria Effinger; Malte Hagener; +15 more
    Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
    Country: Germany

    Digital data on tangible and intangible cultural assets is an essential part of daily life, communication and experience. It has a lasting influence on the perception of cultural identity as well as on the interactions between research, the cultural economy and society. Throughout the last three decades, many cultural heritage institutions have contributed a wealth of digital representations of cultural assets (2D digital reproductions of paintings, sheet music, 3D digital models of sculptures, monuments, rooms, buildings), audio-visual data (music, film, stage performances), and procedural research data such as encoding and annotation formats. The long-term preservation and FAIR availability of research data from the cultural heritage domain is fundamentally important, not only for future academic success in the humanities but also for the cultural identity of individuals and society as a whole. Up to now, no coordinated effort for professional research data management on a national level exists in Germany. NFDI4Culture aims to fill this gap and create a user-centered, research-driven infrastructure that will cover a broad range of research domains from musicology, art history and architecture to performance, theatre, film, and media studies. The research landscape addressed by the consortium is characterized by strong institutional differentiation. Research units in the consortium's community of interest comprise university institutes, art colleges, academies, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. This diverse landscape is also characterized by an abundance of research objects, methodologies and a great potential for data-driven research. In a unique effort carried out by the applicant and co-applicants of this proposal and ten academic societies, this community is interconnected for the first time through a federated approach that is ideally suited to the needs of the participating researchers. To promote collaboration within the NFDI, to share knowledge and technology and to provide extensive support for its users have been the guiding principles of the consortium from the beginning and will be at the heart of all workflows and decision-making processes. Thanks to these principles, NFDI4Culture has gathered strong support ranging from individual researchers to high-level cultural heritage organizations such as the UNESCO, the International Council of Museums, the Open Knowledge Foundation and Wikimedia. On this basis, NFDI4Culture will take innovative measures that promote a cultural change towards a more reflective and sustainable handling of research data and at the same time boost qualification and professionalization in data-driven research in the domain of cultural heritage. This will create a long-lasting impact on science, cultural economy and society as a whole.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Christof Schöch;
    Countries: Germany, France

    This paper is about data in the humanities. Most of my colleagues in literary and cultural studies would not necessarily speak of their objects of study as “data.” If you ask them what it is they are studying, they would rather speak of books, paintings and movies; of drama and crime fiction, of still lives and action painting; of German expressionist movies and romantic comedy. They would mention Denis Diderot or Toni Morrison, Chardin or Jackson Pollock, Fritz Lang or Diane Keaton. Maybe they would talk about what they are studying as texts, images, and sounds. But rarely would they consider their objects of study to be “data.” However, in the humanities just as in other areas of research, we are increasingly dealing with “data.” With digitization efforts in the private and public sectors going on around the world, more and more data relevant to our fields of study exists, and, if the data has been licensed appropriately, it is available for research. The digital humanities aim to raise to the challenge and realize the potential of this data for humanistic inquiry. As Christine Borgman has shown in her book on Scholarship in the Digital Age, this is as much a theoretical, methodological and social issue as it is a technical issue. Indeed, the existence of all this data raises a host of questions, some of which I would like to address here. For example: What is the relation between the data we have and our objects of study? – Does data replace books, paintings and movies? In what way can data be said to be representations of them? What difference does it make to analyze the digital representation or version of a novel or a painting instead of the printed book, the manuscript, or the original painting? What types of data are there in the humanities, and what difference does it make? – I will argue that one can distinguish two types of data, “big” data and “smart” data. What, then, does it mean to deal with big data, or smart data, in the humanities? What new ways of dealing with data do we need to adopt in the humanities? – How is big data and smart data being dealt with in the process of scholarly knowledge generation, that is when data is being created, enriched, analyzed and interpreted?

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    DataCloud Collaboration; Salomoni, Davide; Campos, Isabel; Gaido, Luciano; de Lucas, Jesus Marco; Solagna, Peter; Gomes, Jorge; Matyska, Ludek; Fuhrman, Patrick; Hardt, Marcus; +54 more
    Project: EC | INDIGO-DataCloud (653549)

    This paper describes the achievements of the H2020 project INDIGO-DataCloud. The project has provided e-infrastructures with tools, applications and cloud framework enhancements to manage the demanding requirements of scientific communities, either locally or through enhanced interfaces. The middleware developed allows to federate hybrid resources, to easily write, port and run scientific applications to the cloud. In particular, we have extended existing PaaS (Platform as a Service) solutions, allowing public and private e-infrastructures, including those provided by EGI, EUDAT, and Helix Nebula, to integrate their existing services and make them available through AAI services compliant with GEANT interfederation policies, thus guaranteeing transparency and trust in the provisioning of such services. Our middleware facilitates the execution of applications using containers on Cloud and Grid based infrastructures, as well as on HPC clusters. Our developments are freely downloadable as open source components, and are already being integrated into many scientific applications. 39 pages, 15 figures.Version accepted in Journal of Grid Computing

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2020 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zamani, Maryam; Tejedor, Alejandro; Vogl, Malte; Krautli, Florian; Valleriani, Matteo; Kantz, Holger;
    Publisher: arXiv

    We investigated the evolution and transformation of scientific knowledge in the early modern period, analyzing more than 350 different editions of textbooks used for teaching astronomy in European universities from the late fifteenth century to mid-seventeenth century. These historical sources constitute the Sphaera Corpus. By examining different semantic relations among individual parts of each edition on record, we built a multiplex network consisting of six layers, as well as the aggregated network built from the superposition of all the layers. The network analysis reveals the emergence of five different communities. The contribution of each layer in shaping the communities and the properties of each community are studied. The most influential books in the corpus are found by calculating the average age of all the out-going and in-coming links for each book. A small group of editions is identified as a transmitter of knowledge as they bridge past knowledge to the future through a long temporal interval. Our analysis, moreover, identifies the most disruptive books. These books introduce new knowledge that is then adopted by almost all the books published afterwards until the end of the whole period of study. The historical research on the content of the identified books, as an empirical test, finally corroborates the results of all our analyses. Comment: 19 pages, 9 figures

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Manuel Burghardt; Christian Wolff; Christa Womser-Hacker;
    Publisher: De Gruyter
    Country: Germany

    Dieser Beitrag beschreibt das Verha��ltnis zwischen Informationswissenschaft und Digital Humanities und zeigt dabei viele Anknu��pfungspunkte und Parallelen zwischen den beiden Disziplinen auf. Weiterhin wird am Beispiel ausgewa��hlter Forschungsthemen und ���methoden der Informationswissenschaft aufgezeigt, wo das Fach Angebote an die Geisteswissenschaft machen kann, um innovative Digital Humanities-Projekte zu befo��rdern.

  • Publication . Article . 2013
    Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Sahle, Patrick; Kronenwett, Simone;
    Publisher: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Country: Germany

    Auch in den Geisteswissenschaften werden Daten produziert, die dauerhaft gesichert und zugänglich gehalten werden müssen. Dieser Satz ist richtig, aber an der Stelle problematisch, an der von „Daten“ die Rede ist. Aus der Sicht der Geisteswissenschaften ist unklar, ob der allgemeine, derzeit gängige Datenbegriff die Situation in ihren Disziplinen wirklich treffend beschreibt und ob seine Konsequenzen die gleichen sind, wie auf anderen Feldern der Forschung. Dieser Beitrag geht von einer Spezifik geisteswissenschaftlicher Daten aus. Im Fokus steht das in diesen Disziplinen vorhandene Problem einer schwierigen Trenn- und Unterscheidbarkeit von Primär- und Ergebnisdaten. Der Artikel beschreibt die sich daraus ergebenden Konsequenzen für den Aufbau eines geisteswissenschaftlichen Datenzentrums am Beispiel des im Dezember 2012 gegründeten „Data Center for the Humanities“ (DCH) an der Universität zu Köln. Zu klären ist dabei unter anderem, was Forschungsdatenmanagement für die beteiligten Forscher und Projekte bedeutet und wie die Dauerhaftigkeit eben nicht nur von „Daten“, sondern von Forschungsleistungen insgesamt sichergestellt werden kann. Ausgehend von der Unterscheidung zwischen „Daten“ und „Ressourcen“ und der Frage, welche Leistungen von einem Datenzentrum eigentlich zu erwarten sind, wird der einerseits schichtenweise, andererseits modulare Aufbau des DCH begründet. Die vielfältigen Aufgaben, die sich bei der Sicherung der Forschung ergeben, lassen sich mit vier Paradigmen beschreiben, die einen begrifflichen Anschluss an die bestehenden Einrichtungen zur Sicherung des kulturellen Erbes ermöglichen. Ob dieser Anschluss nur metaphorisch ist, wenigstens eine didaktisch-erklärende Kraft hat oder sogar die Grundlage weiterer konzeptioneller Überlegungen sein kann, ist jenseits dieses Beitrages zu diskutieren. Even in the humanities data are produced that must be permanently secured and kept accessible. This sentence might be true, yet, going into details the problem occurs with the term "data". At the time being, from the perspective of the humanities it is not really clear what the term "data" actually means, how it is defined, and what belongs to it. This article reflects data specific in humanities research. Talking about research data in the humanities in general, the paper casts a light on the existing problem of separating so-called primary data from result data. Consequences for the setting up and development of a data center for the humanities are described by the example of the Cologne 'Data Center for the Humanities' (DCH). The meaning of research data management will be discussed especially with regard to the production of data and results as well as to the performances to be kept permanently secure and accessible. Based on the distinction between "data" and "resources" the design of the DCH is established in layers as well as in modules. The variety of tasks may be described by four paradigms borrowed from cultural heritage institutions.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Helene Brinken; Iryna Kuchma; Vasso Kalaitzi; Joy Davidson; Nancy Pontika; Matteo Cancellieri; Antónia Correia; José Carvalho; Remedios Melero; Damjana Kastelic; +7 more
    Publisher: LIBER
    Countries: Portugal, Spain, Germany
    Project: EC | FOSTER Plus (741839)

    To foster responsible research and innovation, research communities, institutions, and funders are shifting their practices and requirements towards Open Science. Open Science skills are becoming increasingly essential for researchers. Indeed general awareness of Open Science has grown among EU researchers, but the practical adoption can be further improved. Recognizing a gap between the needed and the provided training offer, the FOSTER project offers practical guidance and training to help researchers learn how to open up their research within a particular domain or research environment. Aiming for a sustainable approach, FOSTER focused on strengthening the Open Science training capacity by establishing and supporting a community of trainers. The creation of an Open Science training handbook was a first step towards bringing together trainers to share their experiences and to create an open and living knowledge resource. A subsequent series of train-the-trainer bootcamps helped trainers to find inspiration, improve their skills and to intensify exchange within a peer group. Four trainers, who attended one of the bootcamps, contributed a case study on their experiences and how they rolled out Open Science training within their own institutions. On its platform the project provides a range of online courses and resources to learn about key Open Science topics. FOSTER awards users gamification badges when completing courses in order to provide incentives and rewards, and to spur them on to even greater achievements in learning. The paper at hand describes FOSTER Plus’ training strategies, shares the lessons learnt and provides guidance on how to re-use the project’s materials and training approaches. Peer reviewed

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to DARIAH EU. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
33 Research products, page 1 of 4
  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Rose, Corinna;
    Publisher: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philosophische Fakultät I, Institut für Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft
    Country: Germany

    Gleich mehrere Projekte befinden sich aktuell in der Aufbauphase, die eine digitale Infrastruktur für geisteswissenschaftliche Forschungsprozesse und Methoden in Forschung und Lehre schaffen möchten. Während allgemeine Empfehlungen zu wünschenswerten Komponenten virtueller Forschungsumgebungen in der Literatur bereits mehrfach gegeben wurden und sich zu einer umfangreichen Liste aufaddieren, gibt es wenige konkrete Anhaltspunkte, was den langfristigen Erfolg einer digitalen Forschungsumgebung in den heterogenen Geisteswissenschaften wirklich ausmachen wird. Dieser Frage geht die vorliegende Arbeit am Beispiel der Kunstgeschichte und der Ethnologie nach.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Preprint . Other literature type . Article . 2017 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Biancini, A.; Florio, L.; Haase, M.; Hardt, Markus; Jankowski, M.; Jensen, Jens; Kanellopoulos, C.; Liampotis, N.; Licehammer, Slavek; Memon, S.; +7 more
    Publisher: arXiv
    Country: Germany

    AARC (Authentication and Authorisation for Research Communities) is a two-year EC-funded project to develop and pilot an integrated cross-discipline authentication and authorisation framework, building on existing authentication and authorisation infrastructures (AAIs) and production federated infrastructure. AARC also champions federated access and offers tailored training to complement the actions needed to test AARC results and to promote AARC outcomes. This article describes a high-level blueprint architectures for interoperable AAIs. Comment: This text was part of a (public) EU deliverable document. It has a main part and a long appendix with more details about example infrastructures that were taken into acount

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Wandl-Vogt, Eveline; Roberto Barbera; La Rocca, Giuseppe; Calanducci, Antonio; Carrubba, Carla; Inserra, Giuseppina; Kalman, Tibor; Sipos, Gergely; Farkas, Zoltan; Davidovic, Davor;
    Country: Croatia
    Project: EC | EGI-Engage (654142)

    The paper introduces into a new Science Gateway, developed in the framework of the European Horizon 2020 project EGI Engage - DARIAH Competence Centre, which started in March 2015 co-funded by the European Union, with the participation of about 70 (research) units in over 30 countries. In this paper the authors focus on trans-disciplinary collaboration in the framework of explorative lexicography in cultural context. On the one hand, they give a short overview of the architecture of the Science Gateway, used techniques, and specific applications and services developed during the DARIAH Competence Centre. On the other they mainly focus on possible added value and changes concerning work flow for Lexicographers and researchers on Lexical resources. This is exemplified on the European network of COST action IS 1305 “European Network of electronic lexicography (ENeL)”.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Reinhard Altenhöner; Ina Blümel; Franziska Boehm; Jens Bove; Katrin Bicher; Christian Bracht; Ortrun Brand; Lisa Dieckmann; Maria Effinger; Malte Hagener; +15 more
    Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
    Country: Germany

    Digital data on tangible and intangible cultural assets is an essential part of daily life, communication and experience. It has a lasting influence on the perception of cultural identity as well as on the interactions between research, the cultural economy and society. Throughout the last three decades, many cultural heritage institutions have contributed a wealth of digital representations of cultural assets (2D digital reproductions of paintings, sheet music, 3D digital models of sculptures, monuments, rooms, buildings), audio-visual data (music, film, stage performances), and procedural research data such as encoding and annotation formats. The long-term preservation and FAIR availability of research data from the cultural heritage domain is fundamentally important, not only for future academic success in the humanities but also for the cultural identity of individuals and society as a whole. Up to now, no coordinated effort for professional research data management on a national level exists in Germany. NFDI4Culture aims to fill this gap and create a user-centered, research-driven infrastructure that will cover a broad range of research domains from musicology, art history and architecture to performance, theatre, film, and media studies. The research landscape addressed by the consortium is characterized by strong institutional differentiation. Research units in the consortium's community of interest comprise university institutes, art colleges, academies, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. This diverse landscape is also characterized by an abundance of research objects, methodologies and a great potential for data-driven research. In a unique effort carried out by the applicant and co-applicants of this proposal and ten academic societies, this community is interconnected for the first time through a federated approach that is ideally suited to the needs of the participating researchers. To promote collaboration within the NFDI, to share knowledge and technology and to provide extensive support for its users have been the guiding principles of the consortium from the beginning and will be at the heart of all workflows and decision-making processes. Thanks to these principles, NFDI4Culture has gathered strong support ranging from individual researchers to high-level cultural heritage organizations such as the UNESCO, the International Council of Museums, the Open Knowledge Foundation and Wikimedia. On this basis, NFDI4Culture will take innovative measures that promote a cultural change towards a more reflective and sustainable handling of research data and at the same time boost qualification and professionalization in data-driven research in the domain of cultural heritage. This will create a long-lasting impact on science, cultural economy and society as a whole.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Christof Schöch;
    Countries: Germany, France

    This paper is about data in the humanities. Most of my colleagues in literary and cultural studies would not necessarily speak of their objects of study as “data.” If you ask them what it is they are studying, they would rather speak of books, paintings and movies; of drama and crime fiction, of still lives and action painting; of German expressionist movies and romantic comedy. They would mention Denis Diderot or Toni Morrison, Chardin or Jackson Pollock, Fritz Lang or Diane Keaton. Maybe they would talk about what they are studying as texts, images, and sounds. But rarely would they consider their objects of study to be “data.” However, in the humanities just as in other areas of research, we are increasingly dealing with “data.” With digitization efforts in the private and public sectors going on around the world, more and more data relevant to our fields of study exists, and, if the data has been licensed appropriately, it is available for research. The digital humanities aim to raise to the challenge and realize the potential of this data for humanistic inquiry. As Christine Borgman has shown in her book on Scholarship in the Digital Age, this is as much a theoretical, methodological and social issue as it is a technical issue. Indeed, the existence of all this data raises a host of questions, some of which I would like to address here. For example: What is the relation between the data we have and our objects of study? – Does data replace books, paintings and movies? In what way can data be said to be representations of them? What difference does it make to analyze the digital representation or version of a novel or a painting instead of the printed book, the manuscript, or the original painting? What types of data are there in the humanities, and what difference does it make? – I will argue that one can distinguish two types of data, “big” data and “smart” data. What, then, does it mean to deal with big data, or smart data, in the humanities? What new ways of dealing with data do we need to adopt in the humanities? – How is big data and smart data being dealt with in the process of scholarly knowledge generation, that is when data is being created, enriched, analyzed and interpreted?

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    DataCloud Collaboration; Salomoni, Davide; Campos, Isabel; Gaido, Luciano; de Lucas, Jesus Marco; Solagna, Peter; Gomes, Jorge; Matyska, Ludek; Fuhrman, Patrick; Hardt, Marcus; +54 more
    Project: EC | INDIGO-DataCloud (653549)

    This paper describes the achievements of the H2020 project INDIGO-DataCloud. The project has provided e-infrastructures with tools, applications and cloud framework enhancements to manage the demanding requirements of scientific communities, either locally or through enhanced interfaces. The middleware developed allows to federate hybrid resources, to easily write, port and run scientific applications to the cloud. In particular, we have extended existing PaaS (Platform as a Service) solutions, allowing public and private e-infrastructures, including those provided by EGI, EUDAT, and Helix Nebula, to integrate their existing services and make them available through AAI services compliant with GEANT interfederation policies, thus guaranteeing transparency and trust in the provisioning of such services. Our middleware facilitates the execution of applications using containers on Cloud and Grid based infrastructures, as well as on HPC clusters. Our developments are freely downloadable as open source components, and are already being integrated into many scientific applications. 39 pages, 15 figures.Version accepted in Journal of Grid Computing

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2020 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zamani, Maryam; Tejedor, Alejandro; Vogl, Malte; Krautli, Florian; Valleriani, Matteo; Kantz, Holger;
    Publisher: arXiv

    We investigated the evolution and transformation of scientific knowledge in the early modern period, analyzing more than 350 different editions of textbooks used for teaching astronomy in European universities from the late fifteenth century to mid-seventeenth century. These historical sources constitute the Sphaera Corpus. By examining different semantic relations among individual parts of each edition on record, we built a multiplex network consisting of six layers, as well as the aggregated network built from the superposition of all the layers. The network analysis reveals the emergence of five different communities. The contribution of each layer in shaping the communities and the properties of each community are studied. The most influential books in the corpus are found by calculating the average age of all the out-going and in-coming links for each book. A small group of editions is identified as a transmitter of knowledge as they bridge past knowledge to the future through a long temporal interval. Our analysis, moreover, identifies the most disruptive books. These books introduce new knowledge that is then adopted by almost all the books published afterwards until the end of the whole period of study. The historical research on the content of the identified books, as an empirical test, finally corroborates the results of all our analyses. Comment: 19 pages, 9 figures

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Manuel Burghardt; Christian Wolff; Christa Womser-Hacker;
    Publisher: De Gruyter
    Country: Germany

    Dieser Beitrag beschreibt das Verha��ltnis zwischen Informationswissenschaft und Digital Humanities und zeigt dabei viele Anknu��pfungspunkte und Parallelen zwischen den beiden Disziplinen auf. Weiterhin wird am Beispiel ausgewa��hlter Forschungsthemen und ���methoden der Informationswissenschaft aufgezeigt, wo das Fach Angebote an die Geisteswissenschaft machen kann, um innovative Digital Humanities-Projekte zu befo��rdern.

  • Publication . Article . 2013
    Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Sahle, Patrick; Kronenwett, Simone;
    Publisher: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    Country: Germany

    Auch in den Geisteswissenschaften werden Daten produziert, die dauerhaft gesichert und zugänglich gehalten werden müssen. Dieser Satz ist richtig, aber an der Stelle problematisch, an der von „Daten“ die Rede ist. Aus der Sicht der Geisteswissenschaften ist unklar, ob der allgemeine, derzeit gängige Datenbegriff die Situation in ihren Disziplinen wirklich treffend beschreibt und ob seine Konsequenzen die gleichen sind, wie auf anderen Feldern der Forschung. Dieser Beitrag geht von einer Spezifik geisteswissenschaftlicher Daten aus. Im Fokus steht das in diesen Disziplinen vorhandene Problem einer schwierigen Trenn- und Unterscheidbarkeit von Primär- und Ergebnisdaten. Der Artikel beschreibt die sich daraus ergebenden Konsequenzen für den Aufbau eines geisteswissenschaftlichen Datenzentrums am Beispiel des im Dezember 2012 gegründeten „Data Center for the Humanities“ (DCH) an der Universität zu Köln. Zu klären ist dabei unter anderem, was Forschungsdatenmanagement für die beteiligten Forscher und Projekte bedeutet und wie die Dauerhaftigkeit eben nicht nur von „Daten“, sondern von Forschungsleistungen insgesamt sichergestellt werden kann. Ausgehend von der Unterscheidung zwischen „Daten“ und „Ressourcen“ und der Frage, welche Leistungen von einem Datenzentrum eigentlich zu erwarten sind, wird der einerseits schichtenweise, andererseits modulare Aufbau des DCH begründet. Die vielfältigen Aufgaben, die sich bei der Sicherung der Forschung ergeben, lassen sich mit vier Paradigmen beschreiben, die einen begrifflichen Anschluss an die bestehenden Einrichtungen zur Sicherung des kulturellen Erbes ermöglichen. Ob dieser Anschluss nur metaphorisch ist, wenigstens eine didaktisch-erklärende Kraft hat oder sogar die Grundlage weiterer konzeptioneller Überlegungen sein kann, ist jenseits dieses Beitrages zu diskutieren. Even in the humanities data are produced that must be permanently secured and kept accessible. This sentence might be true, yet, going into details the problem occurs with the term "data". At the time being, from the perspective of the humanities it is not really clear what the term "data" actually means, how it is defined, and what belongs to it. This article reflects data specific in humanities research. Talking about research data in the humanities in general, the paper casts a light on the existing problem of separating so-called primary data from result data. Consequences for the setting up and development of a data center for the humanities are described by the example of the Cologne 'Data Center for the Humanities' (DCH). The meaning of research data management will be discussed especially with regard to the production of data and results as well as to the performances to be kept permanently secure and accessible. Based on the distinction between "data" and "resources" the design of the DCH is established in layers as well as in modules. The variety of tasks may be described by four paradigms borrowed from cultural heritage institutions.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Helene Brinken; Iryna Kuchma; Vasso Kalaitzi; Joy Davidson; Nancy Pontika; Matteo Cancellieri; Antónia Correia; José Carvalho; Remedios Melero; Damjana Kastelic; +7 more
    Publisher: LIBER
    Countries: Portugal, Spain, Germany
    Project: EC | FOSTER Plus (741839)

    To foster responsible research and innovation, research communities, institutions, and funders are shifting their practices and requirements towards Open Science. Open Science skills are becoming increasingly essential for researchers. Indeed general awareness of Open Science has grown among EU researchers, but the practical adoption can be further improved. Recognizing a gap between the needed and the provided training offer, the FOSTER project offers practical guidance and training to help researchers learn how to open up their research within a particular domain or research environment. Aiming for a sustainable approach, FOSTER focused on strengthening the Open Science training capacity by establishing and supporting a community of trainers. The creation of an Open Science training handbook was a first step towards bringing together trainers to share their experiences and to create an open and living knowledge resource. A subsequent series of train-the-trainer bootcamps helped trainers to find inspiration, improve their skills and to intensify exchange within a peer group. Four trainers, who attended one of the bootcamps, contributed a case study on their experiences and how they rolled out Open Science training within their own institutions. On its platform the project provides a range of online courses and resources to learn about key Open Science topics. FOSTER awards users gamification badges when completing courses in order to provide incentives and rewards, and to spur them on to even greater achievements in learning. The paper at hand describes FOSTER Plus’ training strategies, shares the lessons learnt and provides guidance on how to re-use the project’s materials and training approaches. Peer reviewed