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148 Research products, page 1 of 15

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bowers, Jack; Herold, Axel; Romary, Laurent; Tasovac, Toma;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The present paper describes the etymological component of the TEI Lex-0 initiative which aims at defining a terser subset of the TEI guidelines for the representation of etymological features in dictionary entries. Going beyond the basic provision of etymological mechanisms in the TEI guidelines, TEI Lex-0 Etym proposes a systematic representation of etymological and cognate descriptions by means of embedded constructs based on the (for etymologies) and (for etymons and cognates) elements. In particular, given that all the potential contents of etymons are highly analogous to those of dictionary entries in general, the contents presented herein heavily re-use many of the corresponding features and constraints introduced in other components of the TEI Lex-0 to the encoding of etymologies and etymons. The TEI Lex-0 Etym model is also closely aligned to ISO 24613-3 on modelling etymological data and the corresponding TEI serialisation available in ISO 24613-4.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edmond, Jennifer; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Introduction The scholarly monograph has been compared to the Hapsburg monarchy in that it seems to have been in decline forever! It was in 2002 that Stephen Greenblatt, in his role as president of the US Modern Language Association, urged his membership to recognise what he called a ‘crisis in scholarly publication’. It is easy to forget now that this crisis, as he then saw it, had nothing to do with the rise of digital technologies, e-publishing, or open access. Indeed, it puts his words in...

  • Publication . Report . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Szprot, Jakub; Arpagaus, Brigitte; Ciula, Arianna; Clivaz, Claire; Gabay, Simon; Honegger, Matthieu; Hughes, Lorna; Immenhauser, Beat; Jakeman, Neil; Lhotak, Martin; +8 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | DESIR (731081)

    This report provides information about activities and progress towards establishing DARIAH membership in six countries: the Czech Republic, Finland, Israel, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK, which took place between July and December 2019. Previous activities were described in detail in the D3.2 - Regularly Monitor Country-Specific Progress in Enabling New DARIAH Membership. During the project lifetime, the Czech Republic joined DARIAH ERIC; in other countries, collaboration with DARIAH has been greatly strengthened and significant progress regarding DARIAH membership has been achieved. The report also outlines the next steps in the accession processes, building on the results of the DESIR project.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Blandine Nouvel; Evelyne Sinigaglia; Véronique HUMBERT;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The aim of the talk is to present the methodology used to reorganise the PACTOLS thesaurus of Frantiq, launched within the framework of the MASA consortium. PACTOLS is a multilingual and open repository about archaeology from Prehistory to the present and for Classics. It is organized into six micro-thesaurus at the root of its name (Peuples, Anthroponymes,Chronologie, Toponymes, Oeuvres, Lieux, Sujets). The goal is to turn it into a tool interoperable with information systems beyond its original documentary purpose, and usable by archaeologists as a repository for managing scientific data. During the talk, we will describe the choice of tools, the organisation of work within the steering group and the collaborations with specialists for the upgrading and development of the vocabulary while showing the strengths and limitations of some experiments. Above allit will show how the introduction of the conceptual categories of the BackBone Thesaurus of DARIAH, modelled on the CIDOC-CRM ontology, through a progressive deconstruction/reconstruction process, eventually had an impact on all micro thesauri and questioned the organisation of knowledge so far proposed.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefan Bornhofen; Marten Düring;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | BLIZAAR (ANR-15-CE23-0002)

    AbstractThe paper presents Intergraph, a graph-based visual analytics technical demonstrator for the exploration and study of content in historical document collections. The designed prototype is motivated by a practical use case on a corpus of circa 15.000 digitized resources about European integration since 1945. The corpus allowed generating a dynamic multilayer network which represents different kinds of named entities appearing and co-appearing in the collections. To our knowledge, Intergraph is one of the first interactive tools to visualize dynamic multilayer graphs for collections of digitized historical sources. Graph visualization and interaction methods have been designed based on user requirements for content exploration by non-technical users without a strong background in network science, and to compensate for common flaws with the annotation of named entities. Users work with self-selected subsets of the overall data by interacting with a scene of small graphs which can be added, altered and compared. This allows an interest-driven navigation in the corpus and the discovery of the interconnections of its entities across time.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Boukhelifa, Nadia; Giannisakis, Emmanouil; Dimara, Evanthia; Willett, Wesley; Fekete, Jean-Daniel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | CENDARI (284432)

    International audience; In this paper we describe the development and evaluation of a visual analytics tool to support historical research. Historians continuously gather data related to their scholarly research from archival visits and background search. Organising and making sense of all this data can be challenging as many historians continue to rely on analog or basic digital tools. We built an integrated note-taking environment for historians which unifies a set of func-tionalities we identified as important for historical research including editing, tagging, searching, sharing and visualization. Our approach was to involve users from the initial stage of brainstorming and requirement analysis through to design, implementation and evaluation. We report on the process and results of our work, and conclude by reflecting on our own experience in conducting user-centered visual analytics design for digital humanities.

  • Publication . Report . 2017
    English
    Authors: 
    Riondet, Charles; Romary, Laurent; van Nispen, Annelies; Rodriguez, Kepa Joseba; Bryant, Mike;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | EHRI (654164)

    This document describes mechanisms where interoperability ofdata is ensured with the use of standards. The standards wecovered are both domain related, the archival standards in XMLformats such as EAD, EAC-CPF and EAG, and transversalstandards, whose use is recommended in the context of any digitalproject, in particular the ISO standards for the representation oflanguage, script and countries.Interoperability of archival descriptions expressed in EAD is madepossible with the specification of a specific EAD profile for EHRI.This profile is built and maintained using the TEI-ODD framework,which is explained of the first section of the report.Interoperability and reusability of EHRI resources is also ensuredwith the design of more consistent URLs, composed withstandardised methods and using ISO reference codes. This designhas to be seen as a first step through a persistent identifier system.The work initiated in WP11 and presented in this document will becontinued, enhanced and developed by other EHRI work packages,WP7 Virtual Access to EHRI Virtual Observatory, WP10 ResourceIdentification and Integration Workflows and WP13 Research DataInfrastructures for Holocaust Material.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Preprint . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Grefenstette, Gregory; Muchemi, Lawrence;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Current research in lifelog data has not paid enough attention to analysis of cognitive activities in comparison to physical activities. We argue that as we look into the future, wearable devices are going to be cheaper and more prevalent and textual data will play a more significant role. Data captured by lifelogging devices will increasingly include speech and text, potentially useful in analysis of intellectual activities. Analyzing what a person hears, reads, and sees, we should be able to measure the extent of cognitive activity devoted to a certain topic or subject by a learner. Test-based lifelog records can benefit from semantic analysis tools developed for natural language processing. We show how semantic analysis of such text data can be achieved through the use of taxonomic subject facets and how these facets might be useful in quantifying cognitive activity devoted to various topics in a person's day. We are currently developing a method to automatically create taxonomic topic vocabularies that can be applied to this detection of intellectual activity.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Jannidis, Fotis; Rehbein, Malte; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The special issue contains a selection of papers from the TEI conference in Würzburg, 2011.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bel, Bernard;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | ORTOLANG (ANR-11-EQPX-0032)

    In 2008, a pilot project initiated by TGE Adonis, a large research infrastructure, brought together designers of data repositories, archivists and system engineers to set up collaborative oral/linguistic resource centres in France. This paper discusses challenging issues addressed by this team when implementing an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) bundled with an institutional archive. After the completion of the pilot project, the Speech & Language Data Repository (SLDR) underwent development for the systematic management of access rights in compliance with the French Heritage code. Its framework claims to be applicable to other systems worldwide, which would facilitate interoperability between protected repositories equipped with transfer of authentication techniques (Single Sign-On).

Advanced search in Research products
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
The following results are related to DARIAH EU. Are you interested to view more results? Visit OpenAIRE - Explore.
148 Research products, page 1 of 15
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Bowers, Jack; Herold, Axel; Romary, Laurent; Tasovac, Toma;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The present paper describes the etymological component of the TEI Lex-0 initiative which aims at defining a terser subset of the TEI guidelines for the representation of etymological features in dictionary entries. Going beyond the basic provision of etymological mechanisms in the TEI guidelines, TEI Lex-0 Etym proposes a systematic representation of etymological and cognate descriptions by means of embedded constructs based on the (for etymologies) and (for etymons and cognates) elements. In particular, given that all the potential contents of etymons are highly analogous to those of dictionary entries in general, the contents presented herein heavily re-use many of the corresponding features and constraints introduced in other components of the TEI Lex-0 to the encoding of etymologies and etymons. The TEI Lex-0 Etym model is also closely aligned to ISO 24613-3 on modelling etymological data and the corresponding TEI serialisation available in ISO 24613-4.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Book . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Edmond, Jennifer; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Introduction The scholarly monograph has been compared to the Hapsburg monarchy in that it seems to have been in decline forever! It was in 2002 that Stephen Greenblatt, in his role as president of the US Modern Language Association, urged his membership to recognise what he called a ‘crisis in scholarly publication’. It is easy to forget now that this crisis, as he then saw it, had nothing to do with the rise of digital technologies, e-publishing, or open access. Indeed, it puts his words in...

  • Publication . Report . 2019
    English
    Authors: 
    Szprot, Jakub; Arpagaus, Brigitte; Ciula, Arianna; Clivaz, Claire; Gabay, Simon; Honegger, Matthieu; Hughes, Lorna; Immenhauser, Beat; Jakeman, Neil; Lhotak, Martin; +8 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | DESIR (731081)

    This report provides information about activities and progress towards establishing DARIAH membership in six countries: the Czech Republic, Finland, Israel, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK, which took place between July and December 2019. Previous activities were described in detail in the D3.2 - Regularly Monitor Country-Specific Progress in Enabling New DARIAH Membership. During the project lifetime, the Czech Republic joined DARIAH ERIC; in other countries, collaboration with DARIAH has been greatly strengthened and significant progress regarding DARIAH membership has been achieved. The report also outlines the next steps in the accession processes, building on the results of the DESIR project.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Blandine Nouvel; Evelyne Sinigaglia; Véronique HUMBERT;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The aim of the talk is to present the methodology used to reorganise the PACTOLS thesaurus of Frantiq, launched within the framework of the MASA consortium. PACTOLS is a multilingual and open repository about archaeology from Prehistory to the present and for Classics. It is organized into six micro-thesaurus at the root of its name (Peuples, Anthroponymes,Chronologie, Toponymes, Oeuvres, Lieux, Sujets). The goal is to turn it into a tool interoperable with information systems beyond its original documentary purpose, and usable by archaeologists as a repository for managing scientific data. During the talk, we will describe the choice of tools, the organisation of work within the steering group and the collaborations with specialists for the upgrading and development of the vocabulary while showing the strengths and limitations of some experiments. Above allit will show how the introduction of the conceptual categories of the BackBone Thesaurus of DARIAH, modelled on the CIDOC-CRM ontology, through a progressive deconstruction/reconstruction process, eventually had an impact on all micro thesauri and questioned the organisation of knowledge so far proposed.

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . Conference object . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Stefan Bornhofen; Marten Düring;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | BLIZAAR (ANR-15-CE23-0002)

    AbstractThe paper presents Intergraph, a graph-based visual analytics technical demonstrator for the exploration and study of content in historical document collections. The designed prototype is motivated by a practical use case on a corpus of circa 15.000 digitized resources about European integration since 1945. The corpus allowed generating a dynamic multilayer network which represents different kinds of named entities appearing and co-appearing in the collections. To our knowledge, Intergraph is one of the first interactive tools to visualize dynamic multilayer graphs for collections of digitized historical sources. Graph visualization and interaction methods have been designed based on user requirements for content exploration by non-technical users without a strong background in network science, and to compensate for common flaws with the annotation of named entities. Users work with self-selected subsets of the overall data by interacting with a scene of small graphs which can be added, altered and compared. This allows an interest-driven navigation in the corpus and the discovery of the interconnections of its entities across time.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Conference object . 2015
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Boukhelifa, Nadia; Giannisakis, Emmanouil; Dimara, Evanthia; Willett, Wesley; Fekete, Jean-Daniel;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | CENDARI (284432)

    International audience; In this paper we describe the development and evaluation of a visual analytics tool to support historical research. Historians continuously gather data related to their scholarly research from archival visits and background search. Organising and making sense of all this data can be challenging as many historians continue to rely on analog or basic digital tools. We built an integrated note-taking environment for historians which unifies a set of func-tionalities we identified as important for historical research including editing, tagging, searching, sharing and visualization. Our approach was to involve users from the initial stage of brainstorming and requirement analysis through to design, implementation and evaluation. We report on the process and results of our work, and conclude by reflecting on our own experience in conducting user-centered visual analytics design for digital humanities.

  • Publication . Report . 2017
    English
    Authors: 
    Riondet, Charles; Romary, Laurent; van Nispen, Annelies; Rodriguez, Kepa Joseba; Bryant, Mike;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: EC | EHRI (654164)

    This document describes mechanisms where interoperability ofdata is ensured with the use of standards. The standards wecovered are both domain related, the archival standards in XMLformats such as EAD, EAC-CPF and EAG, and transversalstandards, whose use is recommended in the context of any digitalproject, in particular the ISO standards for the representation oflanguage, script and countries.Interoperability of archival descriptions expressed in EAD is madepossible with the specification of a specific EAD profile for EHRI.This profile is built and maintained using the TEI-ODD framework,which is explained of the first section of the report.Interoperability and reusability of EHRI resources is also ensuredwith the design of more consistent URLs, composed withstandardised methods and using ISO reference codes. This designhas to be seen as a first step through a persistent identifier system.The work initiated in WP11 and presented in this document will becontinued, enhanced and developed by other EHRI work packages,WP7 Virtual Access to EHRI Virtual Observatory, WP10 ResourceIdentification and Integration Workflows and WP13 Research DataInfrastructures for Holocaust Material.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . Preprint . 2016
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Grefenstette, Gregory; Muchemi, Lawrence;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Current research in lifelog data has not paid enough attention to analysis of cognitive activities in comparison to physical activities. We argue that as we look into the future, wearable devices are going to be cheaper and more prevalent and textual data will play a more significant role. Data captured by lifelogging devices will increasingly include speech and text, potentially useful in analysis of intellectual activities. Analyzing what a person hears, reads, and sees, we should be able to measure the extent of cognitive activity devoted to a certain topic or subject by a learner. Test-based lifelog records can benefit from semantic analysis tools developed for natural language processing. We show how semantic analysis of such text data can be achieved through the use of taxonomic subject facets and how these facets might be useful in quantifying cognitive activity devoted to various topics in a person's day. We are currently developing a method to automatically create taxonomic topic vocabularies that can be applied to this detection of intellectual activity.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Jannidis, Fotis; Rehbein, Malte; Romary, Laurent;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The special issue contains a selection of papers from the TEI conference in Würzburg, 2011.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Bel, Bernard;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | ORTOLANG (ANR-11-EQPX-0032)

    In 2008, a pilot project initiated by TGE Adonis, a large research infrastructure, brought together designers of data repositories, archivists and system engineers to set up collaborative oral/linguistic resource centres in France. This paper discusses challenging issues addressed by this team when implementing an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) bundled with an institutional archive. After the completion of the pilot project, the Speech & Language Data Repository (SLDR) underwent development for the systematic management of access rights in compliance with the French Heritage code. Its framework claims to be applicable to other systems worldwide, which would facilitate interoperability between protected repositories equipped with transfer of authentication techniques (Single Sign-On).