Multilingualism is a cultural cornerstone of Europe and firmly anchored in the European treaties including full language equality. However, language barriers impacting business, cross-lingual and cross-cultural communication are still omnipresent. Language Technologies (LTs) are a powerful means to break down these barriers. While the last decade has seen various initiatives that created a multitude of approaches and technologies tailored to Europe's specific needs, there is still an immense level of fragmentation. At the same time, AI has become an increasingly important concept in the European Information and Communication Technology area. For a few years now, AI, including many opportunities, synergies but also misconceptions, has been overshadowing every other topic. We present an overview of the European LT landscape, describing funding programmes, activities, actions and challenges in the different countries with regard to LT, including the current state of play in industry and the LT market. We present a brief overview of the main LT-related activities on the EU level in the last ten years and develop strategic guidance with regard to four key dimensions. Proceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC 2020). To appear
No final do século XIX e início do XX foram construídos em Lisboa e Oeiras ateliers para trabalho, mas também para exposição e convívio. Estes foram construídos de acordo com novos conceitos espaciais apoiados no desenvolvimento das técnicas construtivas, realçados pelo controlo da luz natural. Inicialmente o ecletismo definiu arquitetonicamente estes espaços, contudo à medida que o século chegou ao fim, os projectistas portugueses conciliaram de forma inovadora referências da sua cultura com as novas correntes estéticas internacionais. Estes ateliers enriquecem a arquitetura portuguesa deste período, além de trazerem novas reflexões em torno de quem lá trabalhou. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, several working studios were built in Lisbon and Oeiras, but also to show and entertain. These were created after new spatial concepts based on the development of building technics, enhanced by natural light. Initially eclecticism architecturally defined these spaces, but as the century drew to its end Portuguese designers innovatively conciliated references of their own culture with new international aesthetic movements. These studios enrich the Portuguese architecture during this period, which also gave way to new reflections around who worked there.
O documento que aqui se apresenta tem como objetivo reunir toda a informação relevante e de avaliação do 5.º Fórum de Gestão de Dados de Investigação, que teve lugar na Universidade de Aveiro, no dia 22 de novembro do presente ano. O 5º Fórum GDI foi organizado pela Universidade do Minho, e pela FCT-Computação Científica Nacional, com o apoio da Universidade de Aveiro e o American Corner Portugal, bem como com a colaboração do Nó Português da RDA e o Projeto TAIL – INESC TEC FEUP. É com grande satisfação que vemos esta comunidade a crescer e a participar ativamente, partilhando experiências e projetos em curso, conferindo de forma gradual a solidez desejada! Contudo, continua evidente uma necessidade de apelar a uma maior participação da comunidade de investigadores, que ainda não conseguimos fazer espelhar em número significativo. A periodicidade deste Fórum atua como forma de trazer novas aportações a esta área que encerra em si uma diversidade de temáticas (infraestruturas, serviços, normalização e práticas, políticas, etc.). De realçar a presença e colaboração, na organização do programa deste Fórum, do Nó Português da Research Data Alliance, com a organização de um workshop. Confirma-se assim a construção de uma comunidade de interesse nos dados abertos, na sua promoção e divulgação, propondo soluções técnicas e de acompanhamento nas diferentes áreas disciplinares. Este evento contou com 125 participantes efetivos, de um total de 170 inscritos. Relativamente à estrutura do programa, este contou com a presença, no momento de abertura, de José Manuel Neto Vieira, Pró-reitor da Universidade de Aveiro, de Pedro Príncipe, da Universidade do Minho e de João Nuno Ferreira, FCT – Computação Científica Nacional. Na primeira parte deste relatório, apresentamos o programa desta edição do fórum, bem como disponibilizamos as várias apresentações (comunicações) e conteúdos associados (resumo e vídeo). Na parte final, como forma de avaliação global e feedback dos participantes, apresentamos as principais conclusões e os resultados obtidos do inquérito de satisfação. O programa técnico e científico do evento dividiu-se em 5 momentos: 1.º) e (2.º Duas Sessões de flash-talks, que teve como linha orientadora a partilha de “Iniciativas emergentes, boas práticas e projetos associados à GDI”; 3º) Sessão com orador convidado (keynote) com a participação Jonathan Crabtree, Director for Cyberinfrastructure, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Odum Institute for Research in Social Science, com a sua comunicação intitulada: Research Data Curation, Management, Sharing and Archiving; 4.º) Sessão dedicada à Research Data Alliance para conhecer as iniciativas do nó português e a implementação das recomendações RDA, com o relato de experiências, na 1.ª pessoa, de um conjunto de pessoas a quem foi dada a possibilidade de participar na última Reunião Plenária da RDA, que aconteceu em outubro (23-25), em Helsínquia. 5.º) Sessão de dois workshops que aconteceram em paralelo com propósitos distintos: o já habitual “café com dados” que este ano direcionou o seu foco para os princípios FAIR para dados de investigação e outro dedicado à apresentação dos resultados do projeto TAIL - gestão de dados de investigação da produção ao depósito e à partilha: resultados do projeto. Os dados obtidos com o "Inquérito de satisfação aos participantes do 5.º Fórum de Gestão de Dados de Investigação" encontram disponíveis em: https://doi.org/10.34622/datarepositorium/FDGIAF Relatório relativo ao 5º Fórum de Gestão de Dados de Investigação (5º Fórum GDI), evento que decorreu na Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, no dia 22 de novembro de 2019.
The digital era has brought some challenges to lexicographers, but it has also brought new opportunities as part of the rise of information technology and, more recently, the emergence of digital humanities. This paper provides a description of LeXmart, the framework that supports the digital development of the Portuguese Academy of Sciences Dictionary. LeXmart is a smart tool framework to support lexicographers' work that offers different types of tools, ranging from a structural editor to a set of validation tools. Given that the dictionary is stored in eXist-DB, LeXmart is developed on top of its ecosystem, using W3C standard languages, and offering default functionalities offered by eXist-DB, namely a RESTful API. H2020 - Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (731015)
Miriam Baglioni; Alessia Bardi; Argiro Kokogiannaki; Paolo Manghi; Katerina Iatropoulou; Pedro Príncipe; André Vieira; Lars Holm Nielsen; Harry Dimitropoulos; Ioannis Foufoulas; +7 more
Miriam Baglioni; Alessia Bardi; Argiro Kokogiannaki; Paolo Manghi; Katerina Iatropoulou; Pedro Príncipe; André Vieira; Lars Holm Nielsen; Harry Dimitropoulos; Ioannis Foufoulas; Natalia Manola; Claudio Atzori; Sandro La Bruzzo; Emma Lazzeri; Michele Artini; Michele De Bonis; Andrea Dell’Amico;
Despite the hype, the effective implementation of Open Science is hindered by several cultural and technical barriers. Researchers embraced digital science, use “digital laboratories” (e.g. research infrastructures, thematic services) to conduct their research and publish research data, but practices and tools are still far from achieving the expectations of transparency and reproducibility of Open Science. The places where science is performed and the places where science is published are still regarded as different realms. Publishing is still a post-experimental, tedious, manual process, too often limited to articles, in some contexts semantically linked to datasets, rarely to software, generally disregarding digital representations of experiments. In this work we present the OpenAIRE Research Community Dashboard (RCD), designed to overcome some of these barriers for a given research community, minimizing the technical efforts and without renouncing any of the community services or practices. The RCD flanks digital laboratories of research communities with scholarly communication tools for discovering and publishing interlinked scientific products such as literature, datasets, and software. The benefits of the RCD are show-cased by means of two real-case scenarios: the European Marine Science community and the European Plate Observing System (EPOS) research infrastructure. This work is partly funded by the OpenAIRE-Advance H2020 project (grant number: 777541; call: H2020-EINFRA-2017) and the OpenAIREConnect H2020 project (grant number: 731011; call: H2020-EINFRA-2016-1). Moreover, we would like to thank our colleagues Michele Manunta, Francesco Casu, and Claudio De Luca (Institute for the Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment, CNR, Italy) for their work on the EPOS infrastructure RCD; and Stephane Pesant (University of Bremen, Germany) his work on the European Marine Science RCD. First Online 30 August 2019
Project: EC | FOSTER Plus (741839), EC | FOSTER Plus (741839)
To foster responsible research and innovation, research communities, institutions, and funders are shifting their practices and requirements towards Open Science. Open Science skills are becoming increasingly essential for researchers. Indeed general awareness of Open Science has grown among EU researchers, but the practical adoption can be further improved. Recognizing a gap between the needed and the provided training offer, the FOSTER project offers practical guidance and training to help researchers learn how to open up their research within a particular domain or research environment. Aiming for a sustainable approach, FOSTER focused on strengthening the Open Science training capacity by establishing and supporting a community of trainers. The creation of an Open Science training handbook was a first step towards bringing together trainers to share their experiences and to create an open and living knowledge resource. A subsequent series of train-the-trainer bootcamps helped trainers to find inspiration, improve their skills and to intensify exchange within a peer group. Four trainers, who attended one of the bootcamps, contributed a case study on their experiences and how they rolled out Open Science training within their own institutions. On its platform the project provides a range of online courses and resources to learn about key Open Science topics. FOSTER awards users gamification badges when completing courses in order to provide incentives and rewards, and to spur them on to even greater achievements in learning. The paper at hand describes FOSTER Plus’ training strategies, shares the lessons learnt and provides guidance on how to re-use the project’s materials and training approaches. Peer reviewed
OpenAIRE has established itself as a key and sustainable infrastructure for giving access to Open Access publications in Europe and beyond, progressively providing access to datasets, software and other research artefacts. From its outset, OpenAIRE has pursued a service-driven design to engage all stakeholders and the current service portfolio (covering all e-Infrastructure layers) targets a variety of users, namely researchers, content providers, funders and research communities. OpenAIRE infrastructure is currently able to deliver a set of relevant services for content providers managers. The OpenAIRE Literature Broker Service is a tool operating on top of the OpenAIRE information graph and supports repository managers with a web dashboard where they can monitor all their repositories and can view the enrichments suggested by the information graph. Funders can currently benefit from a set of services to monitor research outputs and impact and to integrate a body of resources in their ecosystems. OpenAIRE has now successfully applied the model and services developed for the European Commission to other funders, mainly from European Union. OpenAIRE is working closely with existing Research Infrastructures and research communities to extend its service portfolio by introducing two new services implementing the concept of “Open Science as a Service”: Research Community Dashboard and Catch-All Broker Service. OpenAIRE-Advance, the new phase of OpenAIRE infrastructure, continues the mission of OpenAIRE to support the Open Access and Open Data mandates in Europe. By sustaining the current infrastructure, comprised of a human network and technical services, it consolidates its achievements while working to shift the momentum among its communities to Open Science, aiming to be a trusted e-Infrastructure within the realms of the European Open Science Cloud. 13th International Open Repositories Conference, June 4th-7th, Bozeman, Montana, USA. info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
This paper describes the achievements of the H2020 project INDIGO-DataCloud. The project has provided e-infrastructures with tools, applications and cloud framework enhancements to manage the demanding requirements of scientific communities, either locally or through enhanced interfaces. The middleware developed allows to federate hybrid resources, to easily write, port and run scientific applications to the cloud. In particular, we have extended existing PaaS (Platform as a Service) solutions, allowing public and private e-infrastructures, including those provided by EGI, EUDAT, and Helix Nebula, to integrate their existing services and make them available through AAI services compliant with GEANT interfederation policies, thus guaranteeing transparency and trust in the provisioning of such services. Our middleware facilitates the execution of applications using containers on Cloud and Grid based infrastructures, as well as on HPC clusters. Our developments are freely downloadable as open source components, and are already being integrated into many scientific applications. 39 pages, 15 figures.Version accepted in Journal of Grid Computing
Open science refers to all things open in research and scholarly communication: from publications and research data to code, models and methods as well as quality evaluation based on open peer review. However, getting started with implementing open science might not be as straightforward for all stakeholders. For example, what do research funders expect in terms of open access to publications and/or research data? Where and how to publish research data? How to ensure that research results are reproducible? These are all legitimate questions and, in particular, early career researchers may benefit from additional guidance and training. In this paper we review the activities of the European-funded FOSTER project which organized and supported a wide range of targeted trainings for open science, based on face-to-face events and on a growing suite of e-learning courses. This article reviews the approach and experiences gained from the first two years of the project. The FOSTER project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 612425. The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of all project partners to the design and implementation of the FOSTER project.